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Inequality of Opportunities Among Ethnic Groups in the Philippines

Author

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  • Mina, Christian D.
  • Reyes, Celia M.
  • Asis, Ronina D.

Abstract

This paper contributes to the scant body of literature on inequalities among and within ethnic groups in the Philippines by examining both the vertical and horizontal measures in terms of opportunities in accessing basic services such as education, electricity, safe water, and sanitation. The study also provides a glimpse of the patterns of inequality in Mindanao. The results show that there are significant inequalities in opportunities in accessing basic services within and among ethnic groups in the Philippines. Muslims (particularly the indigenous people) are the worst-off ethnic groups while the nonindigenous/ non-Muslim groups are the better-off groups. Disparities in terms of literacy rate and access to electricity and sanitation between ethnic groups, however, appear to be narrowing between 2000 and 2010.

Suggested Citation

  • Mina, Christian D. & Reyes, Celia M. & Asis, Ronina D., 2017. "Inequality of Opportunities Among Ethnic Groups in the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2017-42, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2017-42
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Daway-Ducanes, Sarah Lynne S. & Pernia, Elena E. & Ramos, Vincent Jerald R., 2022. "On the “income advantage” in course choices and admissions: Evidence from the University of the Philippines," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 91(C).
    2. Rudolf T. Vecaldo & Antonio I. Tamayao & Maria T. Mamba & Jay Emmanuel L. Asuncion & Febe Marl G. Paat & Editha S. Pagulayan, 2020. "Academic Profile and College Preparedness of K-12 Graduates: The Case of the Indigenous Peoples (IPs) in the Northern Philippines," Journal of Education and e-Learning Research, Asian Online Journal Publishing Group, vol. 7(4), pages 437-445.

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    Keywords

    Philippines; income inequality; ethnic groups; inequality; indigenous people;
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