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Conditional Cash Transfer Program in the Philippines: Is It Reaching the Extremely Poor?


  • Tabuga, Aubrey D.
  • Reyes, Celia M.


The Philippine government shows its serious effort to combat poverty through the continuing expansion of the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps), the Philippines` version of the conditional cash transfer (CCT) program modeled by Latin American countries. The 4Ps by far is the most comprehensive and also controversial poverty reduction program of the Philippine government because of the huge amount of money the government is spending for this. The expansion of the program since 2008 necessitated the government to secure loans from the World Bank and the Asian Development Bank amounting to a total of $805 million to finance the program. To date, there are already 2.3 million households in 80 provinces who are enrolled in the program. The DSWD targets a total of 3 million household beneficiaries by end of 2012. This paper aims to discuss the salient features of the 4Ps and the reviews or assessments done so far, and to expound the issues surrounding the targeting scheme and pace of expansion of the program.

Suggested Citation

  • Tabuga, Aubrey D. & Reyes, Celia M., 2012. "Conditional Cash Transfer Program in the Philippines: Is It Reaching the Extremely Poor?," Discussion Papers DP 2012-42, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2012-42

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Cecchini, Simone & Madariaga, Aldo, 2011. "Conditional cash transfer programmes: the recent experience in Latin America and the Caribbean," Cuadernos de la CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 95 edited by Eclac, August.
    2. Sergei Soares & Rafael Guerreiro Osório & Fábio Veras Soares & Marcelo Medeiros & Eduardo Zepeda, 2009. "Conditional cash transfers in Brazil, Chile and Mexico: impacts upon inequality," Estudios Económicos, El Colegio de México, Centro de Estudios Económicos, vol. 0(Special i), pages 207-224.
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    Cited by:

    1. Arturo Martinez Jr., 2016. "Analytical Tools for Measuring Poverty Dynamics: An Application Using Panel Data in the Philippines," Working Papers id:10550, eSocialSciences.
    2. Eunju Kim & Jayoung Yoo, 2015. "Conditional Cash Transfer in the Philippines: How to Overcome Institutional Constraints for Implementing Social Protection," Asia and the Pacific Policy Studies, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 2(1), pages 75-89, January.
    3. Melba V. Tutor, 2014. "The impact of the PhilippinesÕ conditional cash transfer program on consumption," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 51(1), pages 117-161, June.


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