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Promoting Inclusive Growth through the 4Ps

Author

Listed:
  • Reyes, Celia M.
  • Tabuga, Aubrey D.
  • Mina, Christian D.
  • Asis, Ronina D.

Abstract

The Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps) of the Philippines marks its fifth year of implementation in 2013 since its inception in 2008. The first batch of 4Ps beneficiaries will graduate from the program in several months while the government continues to expand its implementation, devising along the way several variants that it deems necessary to address the many facets of poverty. The 4Ps is by far the largest poverty reduction and social development program the Philippine government has ever implemented. Approximately PHP 120 billion have already been allocated to the program up to 2013. The program's dual objectives are social assistance and social development. It provides cash assistance to poor families to alleviate their immediate needs and aims to "break the intergenerational poverty cycle through investments in human capital". As program graduation nears, many questions arise as to what to expect from this program. At this point, it may be fitting to draw together assessments that have been conducted so far and to look into some important issues in terms of design and implementation. This paper seeks to answer the question of whether expanding the program would likely yield better results. It discusses the outstanding issues raised against the program, most especially those that bear on the program's ability to facilitate inclusive growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Reyes, Celia M. & Tabuga, Aubrey D. & Mina, Christian D. & Asis, Ronina D., 2015. "Promoting Inclusive Growth through the 4Ps," Research Paper Series RPS 2015-01, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:phd:rpseri:rps_2015-01
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Fernandez, Luisa & Olfindo, Rosechin, 2011. "Overview of the Philippines'conditional cash transfer program : the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (Pantawid Pamilya)," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 69422, The World Bank.
    2. Cecchini, Simone & Madariaga, Aldo, 2011. "Conditional cash transfer programmes: the recent experience in Latin America and the Caribbean," Cuadernos de la CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), number 95 edited by Eclac, December.
    3. Chaudhury,Nazmul & Okamura,Yuko & Chaudhury,Nazmul & Okamura,Yuko, 2012. "Conditional cash transfers and school enrollment : impact of the conditional cash transfer program in the Philippines," Policy Research Working Paper Series 71904, The World Bank.
    4. Fabio Veras Soares & Rafael Perez Ribas & Rafael Guerreiro Osório, 2007. "Evaluating the Impact of Brazil?s Bolsa Família: Cash Transfer Programmes in Comparative Perspective," Publications 1, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    5. Sergei Suarez Dillon Soares, 2012. "Bolsa Família, its Design, its Impacts and Possibilities for the Future," Working Papers 89, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    6. Francesca Bastagli, 2009. "From Social Safety net to Social Policy? The Role of Conditional Cash Transfers in Welfare State Development in Latin America," Working Papers 60, International Policy Centre for Inclusive Growth.
    7. Fernandez, Luisa & Olfindo, Rosechin, 2011. "Overview of the Philippines'Conditional Cash Transfer Program : the Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (Pantawid Pamilya)," Social Protection Discussion Papers and Notes 62879, The World Bank.
    8. Dalisay S. Maligalig & Jose Ramon G. Albert, 2008. "Measures for Assessing Basic Education in the Philippines," Development Economics Working Papers 22656, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    9. Tabuga, Aubrey D. & Mina, Christian D. & Reyes, Celia M. & Asis, Ronina D. & Datu, Maria Blesila G., 2011. "Dynamics of Poverty in the Philippines: Distinguishing the Chronic from the Transient Poor," Discussion Papers DP 2011-31, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    10. Chaudhury, Nazmul & Okamura, Yuko, 2012. "Conditional cash transfers and school enrollment : impact of the conditional cash transfer program in the Philippines," Social Protection and Labor Policy and Technical Notes 71904, The World Bank.
    11. Maligalig, Dalisay S. & Albert, Jose Ramon G., 2008. "Measures for Assessing Basic Education in the Philippines," Discussion Papers DP 2008-16, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:ilo:ilowps:486999 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Christian D. Mina & Katsushi S. Imai, 2017. "Estimation of Vulnerability to Poverty Using a Multilevel Longitudinal Model: Evidence from the Philippines," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 53(12), pages 2118-2144, December.
    3. Stella Luz A. Quimbo & Joseph J. Capuno & Aleli D. Kraft & Rhea Molato & Carlos Tan, Jr., 2015. "Where does the money go? Assessing the expenditure and income effects of the Philippines' Conditional Cash Transfer Program," UP School of Economics Discussion Papers 201502, University of the Philippines School of Economics.
    4. Nanak Kakwani & Hyun H. Son, 2015. "Social rate of return: A new tool for evaluating social programs," Working Papers 383, ECINEQ, Society for the Study of Economic Inequality.
    5. Yap, Josef T., 2014. "ASEAN Community 2015 : managing integration for better jobs and shared prosperity in the Philippines," ILO Working Papers 994869993402676, International Labour Organization.
    6. Melba V. Tutor, 2014. "The impact of the PhilippinesÕ conditional cash transfer program on consumption," Philippine Review of Economics, University of the Philippines School of Economics and Philippine Economic Society, vol. 51(1), pages 117-161, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Philippines; poverty; education; conditional cash transfer (CCT) program; Pantawid Pamilyang Pilipino Program (4Ps); social assistance;

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