Targeting Accuracy of the NREG: Evidence from Madhya Pradesh and Tamil Nadu
This paper focuses on the targeting accuracy of NREG in two Indian states, Madhya Pradesh (MP) and Tamil Nadu (TN), based on household data for 2008–09. In order to overcome the difficulties arising from the use of a headcount index and a specific poverty threshold, stochastic dominance tests are used. Madhya Pradesh demonstrated much better targeting than Tamil Nadu in terms of the FGT class of poverty indices over a wide range of poverty thresholds. This finding is significant as the proportion of poor is twice as high in the former as in the latter. It raises doubts about prevailing views that there is greater underprovision of jobs under NREG in the poorer states. That the selfselection of the poor was undermined and (relatively) affluent crowded in because of the high NREG wage (relative to the agricultural wage) raises a serious concern. Another serious concern is that the transfer benefits in the form of additional income to the poor were small mainly due to short spells of work, considerably lower than the maximum number of days permitted under this scheme.
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- Galasso, Emanuela & Ravallion, Martin, 2005. "Decentralized targeting of an antipoverty program," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(4), pages 705-727, April.
- Raghav Gaiha & Vani S. Kulkarni & Manoj K. Pandey & Katsushi S. Imai, 2009.
"National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme, Poverty and Prices in Rural India,"
ASARC Working Papers
2009-03, The Australian National University, Australia South Asia Research Centre.
- Raghav Gaiha & Vani Kulkarni & Manoj Pandey & Katsushi Imai, 2009. "National rural employment guarantee scheme, poverty and prices in rural India," The School of Economics Discussion Paper Series 0908, Economics, The University of Manchester.
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