Accounting Spanish business cycles: What can be learned from past recessions?
We apply the business cycle methodology proposed by Chari, Kehoe, and McGrattan (2007) to identify the sources of Spanish business fluctuations during two outstanding cyclical episodes: the recession alongside the inception of democracy on 1977, and the recession of 2008. We find that the labor wedge is the key element behind these fluctuations, and that both taxes and labor market institutions are likely behind the wedge movements. Our conclusion suggests that any model that tries to understand the causes of the recessions occurred in the last three decades should focus on the labor wedge. This conclusion holds regardless the framework assumes a closed economy or an open economy.
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