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The Five Drivers: an empirical review

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  • Gavin Cameron

Abstract

What are the sources of productivity growth? Economic theory offers a panoply of explanations, considering the effects on productivity of organisational factors, research and development activity and factor accumulation, amongst other influences. Translating these theoretical models into workable empirical vehicles is the focus of a large literature. This paper evaluates the empirical literature on productivity performance using the productivity framework conceived by HM Treasury, emphasising Five Drivers - physical capital skills, innovation, competition and enterprise. The paper emphasises the two factors are frequently overlooked: first, the effect of international openness on productivity catch-up, and secondly, the policy importance of divergences between private and social rates of return. Further, whilst evidence relating to the first four drivers is relatively abundant, evidence on the effect of enterprise is scarce.

Suggested Citation

  • Gavin Cameron, 2005. "The Five Drivers: an empirical review," Economics Series Working Papers 252, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:oxf:wpaper:252
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    File URL: http://www.economics.ox.ac.uk/materials/working_papers/paper252.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Philippe Aghion & Nick Bloom & Richard Blundell & Rachel Griffith & Peter Howitt, 2005. "Competition and Innovation: an Inverted-U Relationship," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 120(2), pages 701-728.
    2. Philippe Aghion & Richard Blundell & Rachel Griffith & Peter Howitt & Susanne Prantl, 2004. "Entry and Productivity Growth: Evidence from Microlevel Panel Data," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 2(2-3), pages 265-276, 04/05.
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    Keywords

    Productivity; Growth; Technological Change; Five Drivers;

    JEL classification:

    • O30 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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