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Nierówności dochodowe i majątkowe w Polsce: nowe wyniki wykorzystujące dane pozaankietowe

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  • Brzezinski, Michal
  • Sałach, Katarzyna

Abstract

Praca podejmuje problem oszacowania poprawnych poziomów nierówności dochodowych i majątkowych w Polsce przy wykorzystaniu danych ankietowych, podatkowych oraz danych pochodzących z list najbogatszych Polaków. Wykorzystujemy metody oparte na imputacji najwyższych wartości dochodów i majątków na podstawie modelu Pareta dopasowanego do połączonych danych ankietowych i pozaankietowych. Wyniki wskazują, że faktyczne nierówności dochodowe i majątkowe w Polsce są znacząco wyższe, niż pokazują to oficjalne oszacowania oparte wyłącznie na danych ankietowych. W szczególności faktyczny poziom współczynnika Giniego dla rozkładu dochodów w 2015 roku był około 25% wyższy niż obliczony na podstawie danych ankietowych. Z kolei skorygowany współczynnik Giniego dla majątków netto gospodarstw domowych był w roku 2014 wyższy o około 9% niż jego odpowiednik uzyskany wyłącznie na podstawie danych ankietowych. Nasze rezultaty sugerują, że standardowy pogląd, zgodnie z którym nierówności dochodowe w Polsce są obecnie relatywnie umiarkowane, a transformacja gospodarcza w Polsce była procesem relatywnie egalitarnym, powinien być zrewidowany

Suggested Citation

  • Brzezinski, Michal & Sałach, Katarzyna, 2021. "Nierówności dochodowe i majątkowe w Polsce: nowe wyniki wykorzystujące dane pozaankietowe," SocArXiv s43yr, Center for Open Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:osf:socarx:s43yr
    DOI: 10.31219/osf.io/s43yr
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    References listed on IDEAS

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