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The Implementation of the Korean Green Growth Strategy in Urban Areas

Author

Listed:
  • Lamia Kamal-Chaoui

    (OECD)

  • Fabio Grazi

    (Centre International de Recherche sur l'Environnement et le Développement)

  • Jongwan Joo

    (OECD)

  • Marissa Plouin

    (OECD)

Abstract

This report on the Korean Strategy for Green Growth and its implementation in urban areas assesses the contributions of sub-national governments to Korea's National Strategy for Green Growth and identifies the main challenges for effective implementation at the local level. Korea's economy, heavily reliant on foreign exports, was hard hit by the recent global financial crisis. Since the 1970s, Korea has become one of the most energy-intensive economies in the OECD area, thanks to higher living standards, rapid urbanisation and an expanding industrial sector. As a result, the country's greenhouse gas emissions almost doubled between 1990 and 2005, registering the highest growth rate in the OECD area. It is in this context of rapid urbanisation and unprecedented resource consumption and environmental pressures that the report focuses on the role of urban areas within Korea's National Strategy for Green Growth. The effectiveness of Korea's green growth agenda, which has been driven by a central government vision and strategy, will largely hinge on the contribution of urban areas toward more sustainable, greener growth. Through the lens of a multilevel governance framework, an assessment of green growth policies in Korean cities helps to identify concrete strategies for delivering a coherent policy message and improving governance across all levels of government, with particular recommendations in terms of policy, funding, technical capacity and information sharing.

Suggested Citation

  • Lamia Kamal-Chaoui & Fabio Grazi & Jongwan Joo & Marissa Plouin, 2011. "The Implementation of the Korean Green Growth Strategy in Urban Areas," OECD Regional Development Working Papers 2011/2, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:govaab:2011/2-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/5kg8bf4l4lvg-en
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    Keywords

    cities; climate; development; global warming; government policy; green growth; planning; regional; regional economics; sustainable development; territorial; urban; urban sustainability;

    JEL classification:

    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q3 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Nonrenewable Resources and Conservation
    • Q4 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics
    • R1 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics
    • R4 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics
    • R5 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis

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