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How do Institutions Affect Structural Unemployment in Times of Crises?

Author

Listed:
  • Davide Furceri

    (OECD)

  • Annabelle Mourougane

    (OECD)

Abstract

This paper examines the effect of economic crises on structural unemployment using an Autoregressive Distributed Lags model and accounting for the role of institutional settings. Analysing an unbalanced panel of 30 OECD economies from 1970 to 2008, we found that downturns have, on average, a significant positive impact on the level of structural unemployment rate. The maximum impact varies with the severity of the downturn. Institutions (such as Employment Protection Legislation, average replacement ratio and product market regulation) influence both the extent of the initial shock and the adjustment pattern in the aftermath of a downturn. Comment les institutions influencent-elles le chômage structurel en temps de crise ? Ce document examine l’effet des crises économiques sur le chômage structurel en utilisant un modèle Autorégressif à Retards Distribués et en prenant en compte l’effet des institutions. A partir d’un panel non cylindré de 30 économies de l’OCDE de 1970 à 2008, les crises économiques sont estimées avoir, en moyenne, un effet significatif et positif sur le niveau du taux de chômage structurel. L’effet maximal varie avec la sévérité de la crise. Les institutions (législation sur la protection de l’emploi, ratio de remplacement moyen et régulation sur les marchés des produits) influencent à la fois l’amplitude du choc initial et l’ajustement suivant le choc.

Suggested Citation

  • Davide Furceri & Annabelle Mourougane, 2009. "How do Institutions Affect Structural Unemployment in Times of Crises?," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 730, OECD Publishing.
  • Handle: RePEc:oec:ecoaaa:730-en
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    File URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/220734255421
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kugler, Adriana & Pica, Giovanni, 2003. "Effects of Employment Protection and Product Market Regulations on the Italian Labor Market," IZA Discussion Papers 948, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. Anita Wölfl & Isabelle Wanner & Tomasz Koźluk & Giuseppe Nicoletti, 2009. "Ten Years of Product Market Reform in OECD Countries: Insights from a Revised PMR Indicator," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 695, OECD Publishing.
    3. Annabelle Mourougane & Lukas Vogel, 2009. "Speed of Adjustment to Selected Labour Market and Tax Reforms," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan;Association for Comparative Economic Studies, vol. 51(4), pages 500-519, December.
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    7. Furceri, Davide & Mourougane, Annabelle, 2012. "The effect of financial crises on potential output: New empirical evidence from OECD countries," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 822-832.
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    Cited by:

    1. Jan Bruha & Oxana Babecka Kucharcukova, 2017. "An Empirical Analysis of Macroeconomic Resilience: The Case of the Great Recession in the European Union," Working Papers 2017/10, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
    2. Gamberoni, Elisa & Von Uexkull, Erik & Weber, Sebastian, 2010. "The Roles of Openness and Labor Market Institutions for Employment Dynamics during Economic Crises," World Bank - Economic Premise, The World Bank, issue 29, pages 1-5, August.
    3. Romain Bouis & Ane Kathrine Christensen & Boris Cournède, 2013. "Deleveraging: Challenges, Progress and Policies," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1077, OECD Publishing.
    4. repec:eee:quaeco:v:64:y:2017:i:c:p:1-11 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Davide Furceri & Lorenzo E. Bernal-Verdugo & Dominique M. Guillaume, 2012. "Crises, Labor Market Policy, and Unemployment," IMF Working Papers 12/65, International Monetary Fund.
    6. repec:rfe:zbefri:v:35:y:2017:i:1:p:13-44 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Davide Furceri & Annabelle Mourougane, 2010. "Une lecture de la crise à la lumière des crises passées," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 438(1), pages 19-42.
    8. Horst Feldmann, 2012. "Product Market Regulation and Labor Market Performance around the World," LABOUR, CEIS, vol. 26(3), pages 369-391, September.
    9. Bernal-Verdugo, Lorenzo E. & Furceri, Davide & Guillaume, Dominique, 2013. "Banking crises, labor reforms, and unemployment," Journal of Comparative Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(4), pages 1202-1219.
    10. Romain Bouis & Romain Duval, 2011. "Raising Potential Growth After the Crisis: A Quantitative Assessment of the Potential Gains from Various Structural Reforms in the OECD Area and Beyond," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 835, OECD Publishing.
    11. repec:ilo:ilowps:461897 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    chômage structurel; crise; crisis; employment protection legislation; institutions; institutions; législation sur la protection de l'emploi; structural unemployment;

    JEL classification:

    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • H10 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - General

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