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Agricultural and Human Health Impacts of Climate Policy in China: A General Equilibrium Analysis with Special Reference to Guangdong

  • David O’Connor
  • Fan Zhai
  • Kristin Aunan
  • Terje Berntsen
  • Haakon Vennemo

China’s climate policy over the coming decades will be crucial to efforts to slow global warming. While CO2 emissions growth slowed in the 1990s, it is too early to know if this represents the beginning of a long-term downward trend in the carbon intensity of China’s economy. Climate policymaking needs to consider the full range of economic costs and benefits of slowing greenhouse gas emissions growth. Like other developing countries, China’s medium-term preoccupation is with ensuring poverty-reducing economic growth, so climate policy must be both effective and consistent with this developmental goal. This study of health and agricultural productivity effects of a carbon tax shows that there is considerable scope for slowing emissions growth without diminishing economic welfare. The health benefits of reduced local pollution are significant, and the welfare gains from improved agricultural productivity are almost as large. When both health and agricultural benefits of a carbon tax ... La politique climatique de la Chine dans les prochaines décennies aura un impact majeur sur les initiatives visant à freiner le réchauffement de la planète. La progression des émissions de CO2 a ralenti dans les années 90, mais il est trop tôt pour conclure aux prémisses d’une tendance durable à la baisse de l’intensité de l’utilisation de carbone dans l’économie chinoise. Les décisions politiques en matière climatique doivent prendre en compte l’intégralité des coûts et bénéfices économiques d’un ralentissement de la croissance des émissions de gaz à effets de serre. Comme pour d’autres pays en développement, la préoccupation à moyen terme de la Chine est d’assurer la croissance économique tout en réduisant la pauvreté ; la politique climatique devra donc être à la fois efficace et cohérente avec cet objectif de développement. Cette étude des effets sur la santé et la productivité agricole d’une taxe sur l’émission de dioxyde de carbone montre que les moyens d’action pour ralentir ...

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Paper provided by OECD Publishing in its series OECD Development Centre Working Papers with number 206.

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Date of creation: Mar 2003
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Handle: RePEc:oec:devaaa:206-en
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