Measuring the Natural Output Gap Using Actual and Expected Output Data
An output gap measure is suggested based on a multivariate Beveridge-Nelson decomposition of output using a vector-autoregressive model that includes data on actual output and on expected output obtained from surveys. The gap is estimated using an integrated approach to identifying permanent and different types of transitory shocks to output. The gap has a statistical basis but is provided economic meaning by relating it to natural output in DSGE models. The approach is applied to quarterly US data over 1970q1-2007q4. Estimated gaps have sensible statistical properties and perform well in explaining inflation in estimates of New Keynesian Phillips curves.
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- Andres, Javier & Lopez-Salido, J. David & Nelson, Edward, 2005.
"Sticky-price models and the natural rate hypothesis,"
Journal of Monetary Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 52(5), pages 1025-1053, July.
- Javier Andrés & David López-Salido & Edward Nelson, 2005. "Sticky-Price Models and the Natural Rate Hypothesis," Working Papers 0521, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
- Javier Andres & J. David López-Salido & Edward Nelson, 2005. "Sticky-price models and the natural rate hypothesis," Working Papers 2005-018, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis.
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