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Relationships between ramp metering and sprawl


  • Lei Zhang
  • David Levinson

    () (Nexus (Networks, Economics, and Urban Systems) Research Group, Department of Civil Engineering, University of Minnesota)


This paper explores impacts of ramp metering on urban land use. A regression-based transportation model is developed to capture changes in accessibility caused by ramp metering on a highway network. A Land Use Change Indicator (LUCI) model is modified to estimate how the spatial distribution of employment and housing would change in response to the redistributed accessibility in five hypothetical urban areas with various initial land use patterns. Accessibility will be improved in almost all areas in a city with ramp metering, but meters affect land use patterns in various ways depending on initial land use conditions. Ramp metering can exacerbate decentralization, but not necessarily sprawl.

Suggested Citation

  • Lei Zhang & David Levinson, 2004. "Relationships between ramp metering and sprawl," Working Papers 000030, University of Minnesota: Nexus Research Group.
  • Handle: RePEc:nex:wpaper:rampmeterssprawl

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    File Function: First version, 2007
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Handy, Susan, 1993. "Regional Versus Local Accessibility: Implications for Nonwork Travel," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt2z79q67d, University of California Transportation Center.
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    More about this item


    Ramp metering; Land use; Urban sprawl; Decentralization;

    JEL classification:

    • R41 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Transportation: Demand, Supply, and Congestion; Travel Time; Safety and Accidents; Transportation Noise
    • R48 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - Government Pricing and Policy
    • R14 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Land Use Patterns
    • D10 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - General


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