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Do Domestic Investors Have More Valuable Information About Individual Stocks Than Foreign Investors?

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  • Hyuk Choe
  • Bong-Chan Kho
  • Rene M. Stulz

Abstract

Using trade data from Korea from December 1996 to November 1998, we find evidence that domestic individual investors have a short-lived private information advantage for individual stocks over foreign investors, but almost no evidence that domestic institutional investors have such an advantage. Foreign investors trade at worse prices than resident investors for large trades, for smaller stocks, and more so for sales than for purchases. Foreign investors sell to domestic investors before a stock has a large positive abnormal return and buy from domestic investors before a stock has a large negative abnormal return. Using intraday data, the large trades of domestic individual investors have more information than the large trades of foreign investors or of domestic institutional investors.

Suggested Citation

  • Hyuk Choe & Bong-Chan Kho & Rene M. Stulz, 2001. "Do Domestic Investors Have More Valuable Information About Individual Stocks Than Foreign Investors?," NBER Working Papers 8073, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:8073
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Ila Patnaik & Ajay Shah & Nirvikar Singh, 2013. "Foreign Investors under Stress: Evidence From India," International Finance, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 16(2), pages 213-244, June.
    2. Emine Boz, 2006. "Can Miracles Lead to Crises? An Informational Frictions Explanation of Emerging Markets Crises," Computing in Economics and Finance 2006 19, Society for Computational Economics.
    3. Caballero, Ricardo J. & Krishnamurthy, Arvind, 2001. "International and domestic collateral constraints in a model of emerging market crises," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 48(3), pages 513-548, December.
    4. Froot, Kenneth A. & Tjornhom Donohue, Jessica, 2002. "The persistence of emerging market equity flows," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 338-364, December.
    5. Rui Albuquerque & Gregory Bauer & Martin Schneider, 2004. "Characterizing Asymmetric Information in International Equity Markets," International Finance 0405005, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Albuquerque, Rui & H. Bauer, Gregory & Schneider, Martin, 2009. "Global private information in international equity markets," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 94(1), pages 18-46, October.
    7. Anil V. Mishra, 2008. "Australia'S Equity Home Bias," Australian Economic Papers, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 53-73, March.
    8. Zhang, Dayong & Dickinson, David & Barassi, Marco, 2006. "Structural breaks, cointegration and B share discount in Chinese stock market," MPRA Paper 70353, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Froot, Kenneth A. & Donohue, Jessica Tjornhom, 2004. "Decomposing the persistence of international equity flows," Finance Research Letters, Elsevier, vol. 1(3), pages 154-170, September.
    10. Rui Albuquerque & Gregory Bauer & Martin Schneider, 2004. "International Equity Flows and Returns: A Quantitative Equilibrium Approach," International Finance 0405006, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    11. Chang, Charles, 2010. "Information footholds: Isolating local presence as a factor in analyst performance and trading," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(6), pages 1094-1107, October.
    12. Cees G. H. Diks & Dennis P Botman, 2005. "The Role of Domestic and Foreign Investors in a Simple Model of Speculative Attacks," IMF Working Papers 05/205, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Kenneth A. Froot & Tarun Ramadorai, 2002. "Currency Returns, Institutional Investor Flows, and Exchange Rate Fundamentals," NBER Working Papers 9080, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Thomas, Charles P. & Warnock, Francis E. & Wongswan, Jon, 2004. "The Performance of International Equity Portfolios," International Finance Discussion Papers 817, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised Oct 2004.
    15. Bhattacharya, Utpal & Groznik, Peter, 2008. "Melting pot or salad bowl: Some evidence from U.S. investments abroad," Journal of Financial Markets, Elsevier, vol. 11(3), pages 228-258, August.
    16. Mishra, Anil V., 2013. "Foreign ownership in Australian firms," Research in International Business and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 28(C), pages 1-18.
    17. Karolyi, G. Andrew & Stulz, Rene M., 2003. "Are financial assets priced locally or globally?," Handbook of the Economics of Finance,in: G.M. Constantinides & M. Harris & R. M. Stulz (ed.), Handbook of the Economics of Finance, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 16, pages 975-1020 Elsevier.
    18. Guo, Liang, 2016. "Are U.S. investors blindly chasing returns in foreign countries?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 309-334.
    19. Anil Mishra, 2011. "Australia’s equity home bias and real exchange rate volatility," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 37(2), pages 223-244, August.
    20. Brennan, Michael J. & Henry Cao, H. & Strong, Norman & Xu, Xinzhong, 2005. "The dynamics of international equity market expectations," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 257-288, August.
    21. Amita Batra, 2003. "The Dynamics of foreign portfolio inflows and equity returns in India," Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi Working Papers 109, Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations, New Delhi, India.
    22. Kenneth A. Froot & Tarun Ramadorai, 2001. "The Information Content of International Portfolio Flows," NBER Working Papers 8472, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    23. Liljeblom, Eva & Loflund, Anders, 2005. "Determinants of international portfolio investment flows to a small market: Empirical evidence," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 211-233, July.
    24. Tsai, Pei-Jung & Swanson, Peggy E. & Sarkar, Salil K., 2007. "Mean and volatility linkages for closed-end country funds," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 47(4), pages 550-575, September.

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions
    • G14 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Information and Market Efficiency; Event Studies; Insider Trading

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