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Labor Markets and the Choice of Technology in an Open Developing Economy

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  • Joshua Aizenman

Abstract

This paper highlights economic factors determining the choice of technology and openness in an intertemporal context in the presence of Institutional constraints In the labor market. It considers the case in which a more aggressive - development strategy involves an investment in a modern technology. This technology raises the degree to which real wages and productivity depend on external factors while at the same time It also raises the expected value of real income. In the absence of Such investment, production takes place in a traditional sector, using a technology that limits exposure to external shocks. The analysis evaluates the dependence of the choice of technology on the volatility of the shocks affecting the economy, the expected productivity gains, the investment cost associated with the modern technology, and the attitude towards risk. It starts with a benchmark case of a flexible wage/employment economy. The dependence of openness, investment, and real wages on the attltuae towards risk is derived for such an economy. The paper then proceeds to analyze the implications of departures from the benchmark model. Specifically, it evaluates the effects of minimum wage policy on the choice of technology. it is demonstrated that institutional constraints in the labor market tend to discourage adoption of new technologies. The importance of this effect depends on the volatility of the underlying shocks. A rise In the volatility tends to be associated with a drop in the degree to which a given institutional structure constrains the move to the new sector. Thus, turbulent periods provide opportunities for structural shifts in favor of the new sector. The analysis assesses both the positive aspects of policies and the welfare costs associated with departures from fully flexible labor markets. It also discusses the interaction between institutional structure of the labor market and the use of protective measures that attempt to reduce exposure to external shocks.

Suggested Citation

  • Joshua Aizenman, 1986. "Labor Markets and the Choice of Technology in an Open Developing Economy," NBER Working Papers 1998, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  • Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:1998
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    1. Charles R. Frank Jr. & Kwang Suk Kim & Larry E. Westphal, 1975. "Foreign Trade Regimes and Economic Development: South Korea," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number fran75-1.
    2. Helpman, Elhanan & Razin, Assaf, 1979. "A Theory of International Trade Under Uncertainty," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 1, number 9780123396501 edited by Shell, Karl.
    3. Jeffrey D. Sachs, 1985. "External Debt and Macroeconomic Performance in Latin America and East Asia," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 16(2), pages 523-573.
    4. Newbery, David M, 1989. "The Theory of Food Price Stabilisation," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 99(398), pages 1065-1082, December.
    5. Martin Neil Baily, 1974. "Wages and Employment under Uncertain Demand," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 41(1), pages 37-50.
    6. Azariadis, Costas, 1975. "Implicit Contracts and Underemployment Equilibria," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 83(6), pages 1183-1202, December.
    7. Jagdish N. Bhagwati, 1978. "Anatomy and Consequences of Exchange Control Regimes," NBER Books, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc, number bhag78-1.
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    Cited by:

    1. Caroline M. Hoxby, 2000. "Benevolent Colluders? The Effects of Antitrust Action on College Financial Aid and Tuition," NBER Working Papers 7754, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Gonzalo Castex, 2010. "Accounting for Changes in College Attendance Profile: a Quantitative Life-Cycle Analysis," Working Papers Central Bank of Chile 598, Central Bank of Chile.

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