How Black Candidates Affect Voter Turnout
Both Black and White voter turnout increases 2-3 percentage points with each Black Democrat on the ballot. Given the groups' representations in the population, the White response is numerically greater. Whites of both parties are less likely to vote for their parties' candidate when s/he is Black. The turnout findings are not explained away by voter, election, or politician characteristics. However the fact that there is no turnout response to Black Republicans suggests that a perception of Blacks' ideology may be a factor.
|Date of creation:||Jan 2006|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||published as Washington, Ebonya. "How Black Candidates Affect Voter Turnout," Quarterly Journal of Economics, 2006, v121(3,Aug), 973-998.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1050 Massachusetts Avenue Cambridge, MA 02138, U.S.A.|
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