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Spatial migration

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Abstract

We develop a model economy adapting Hotelling's migration law to make individuals react to the gradient of their indirect utility. In a first version, individuals respond uniquely to utility differences. In a second phase, we insert our migration law as a dynamic constraint in a spatial model of economic growth in which a policy maker maximizes overall welfare. In both cases we prove the existence of a unique solution under certain assumptions and for each initial distribution of human capital. We illustrate some extremely interesting properties of the economy and the associated population dynamics through numerical simulations. In the decentralized case in which a region enjoys a temporal technological advantage, an agglomeration in human capital emerges in the central area, which does not coincide with the technologically advanced area. In the complete model, initial differences in human capital can trigger everlasting inequalities in physical capital

Suggested Citation

  • Carmen Camacho, 2013. "Spatial migration," Documents de travail du Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne 13017, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1), Centre d'Economie de la Sorbonne.
  • Handle: RePEc:mse:cesdoc:13017
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    File URL: ftp://mse.univ-paris1.fr/pub/mse/CES2013/13017.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Boucekkine, Raouf & Camacho, Carmen & Zou, Benteng, 2009. "Bridging The Gap Between Growth Theory And The New Economic Geography: The Spatial Ramsey Model," Macroeconomic Dynamics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 13(01), pages 20-45, February.
    2. Camacho, Carmen & Zou, Benteng & Briani, Maya, 2008. "On the dynamics of capital accumulation across space," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 186(2), pages 451-465, April.
    3. Javier Alvarez & Pascal Mossay, 2006. "Estimation of a continuous spatio-temporal population model," Journal of Geographical Systems, Springer, vol. 8(3), pages 307-316, September.
    4. Puu, Tonu, 1989. "On Growth and Dispersal of Populations," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 23(3), pages 171-186.
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    Cited by:

    1. Camacho, Carmen, 2013. "Migration modelling in the New Economic Geography," Mathematical Social Sciences, Elsevier, vol. 66(3), pages 233-244.
    2. Raouf Boucekkine & Carmen Camacho & Fabbri Giorgio, 2013. "On the optimal control of some parabolic partial differential equations arising in economics," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) hal-00973388, HAL.
    3. Raouf Boucekkine & Carmen Camacho & Giorgio Fabbri, 2013. "On the Optimal Control of Some Parabolic Partial Differential Equations Arising in Economics," Working Papers halshs-00831042, HAL.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Migration; spatial dynamics; economic growth; parabolic PDE; optimal control;

    JEL classification:

    • J6 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R13 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - General Equilibrium and Welfare Economic Analysis of Regional Economies

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