Money and distribution: can the theory explain recent empirical trends?
The paper examines some trends in the distribution of income that have prevailed in thelast two decades, in particular the opposite tendencies to a fall in the wage share and an increase in the profit and rent share. Moreover both profit rates and real interest rates have increased in OECD countries. Some theoretical models are examined to see whether they may explain those tendencies. The focus is on models in the Keynesian-Kaleckian tradition. In those models it is possible, for some combinations of parameters, that an increase in real interest rates may lead to an increase in profit rates. Unfortunately, however, those values of parameters which would be required and which correspond to assumptions on the behaviour of agents, do not reflect historical values. Thus, though Kaleckian-Keynesian models may offer an explanation of these trends, this explanation does not seem to apply to the recent history of OECD countries. Another strand of literature is also examined which goes back to Sraffa and the monetary theory of distribution. The two approaches are compared. The paper also looks for the possibility of a synthesis.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2006|
|Date of revision:||Oct 2008|
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- Harrison, Ann, 2005. "Has Globalization Eroded Labor’s Share? Some Cross-Country Evidence," MPRA Paper 39649, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Lavoie, M., 1993.
"Interest Rates in Post-Keynesian Models of Growth and Distribution,"
9314e, University of Ottawa, Department of Economics.
- Marc Lavoie, 1995. "Interest Rates In Post-Keynesian Models Of Growth And Distribution," Metroeconomica, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 46(2), pages 146-177, 06.
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