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Creating the Canada/Quebec Pension Plans: An Historical and Political Analysis

Listed author(s):
  • Kristina Babich
  • Daniel Béland
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    Drawing on recent historical institutionalist scholarship, this paper explores the debates leading to the enactment of the Canada/Quebec Pension Plans (C/Q.P.P.) in 1965. More specifically, this analysis underlines the respective role of and the interaction between political institutions, business and labor power, and changing ideas about the role of public and private pensions in Canada. As argued, although the ideas that guided the enactment of C/Q.P.P. stressed the key role of private benefits, the enduring weight of Canadian-style federalism mitigated the impact of interest groups, especially business organizations, on the legislative process. Overall, the paper suggests that students of social policy should pay closer attention to the interaction between political institutions, interest group mobilization, and changing ideas about the relationship between public and private benefits.

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    Paper provided by McMaster University in its series Social and Economic Dimensions of an Aging Population Research Papers with number 223.

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    Length: 41 pages
    Date of creation: Aug 2007
    Handle: RePEc:mcm:sedapp:223
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    1. Bruno Théret, 1999. "Regionalism and Federalism: a Comparative Analysis of the Regulation of Economic Tensions between Regions by Canadian and American Federal Intergovernmental Transfer Programmes," International Journal of Urban and Regional Research, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 23(3), pages 479-512, 09.
    2. Daniel Béland & John Myles, 2005. "Stasis Amidst Change: Canadian Pension Reform in an Age of Retrenchment," Chapters,in: Ageing and Pension Reform Around the World, chapter 12 Edward Elgar Publishing.
    3. Hall, Peter A. & Taylor, Rosemary C. R., 1996. "Political science and the three new institutionalisms," MPIfG Discussion Paper 96/6, Max Planck Institute for the Study of Societies.
    4. Jacob S. Hacker & Paul Pierson, 2002. "Business Power and Social Policy: Employers and the Formation of the American Welfare State," Politics & Society, , vol. 30(2), pages 277-325, June.
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