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Does Environmental Kuznet’S Curve Exist For Indoor Air Pollution? Evidence From Indian Household Level Data

Author

Listed:
  • K. S. Kavi Kumar

    () (Madras School of Economics)

  • Brinda Viswanathan

    () (Madras School of Economics)

Abstract

Existence of Environmental Kuznet’s Curve (EKC) is an empirical issue to analyze as evidence from the literature has been mixed. This study focuses on indoor air pollution generated from the use of fuels for cooking services to check for validity of EKC. Using household level data from three rounds of National Sample Survey over the period from 1983 to 2000, the study estimates aggregate ‘dirty’ and ‘clean’ fuel Engle curves. The study also estimates pollution-income relationship and uses the predicted indoor pollution to simulate EKC. The results show validation of EKC hypothesis, especially for the data corresponding to rural households. In contrast, indoor pollution shows declining trend in 1990s for the urban households. The spatial and temporal representations of pollution-income relationship presented in this study highlight stark difference between the rural and urban households along with their rate of progress towards ‘clean’ fuels and provide insights on potential policy responses that could enable faster transition of rural households towards ‘cleaner’ fuels.

Suggested Citation

  • K. S. Kavi Kumar & Brinda Viswanathan, 2004. "Does Environmental Kuznet’S Curve Exist For Indoor Air Pollution? Evidence From Indian Household Level Data," Working Papers 2004-03, Madras School of Economics,Chennai,India.
  • Handle: RePEc:mad:wpaper:2004-03
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. John, A & Pecchenino, R, 1994. "An Overlapping Generations Model of Growth and the Environment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 104(427), pages 1393-1410, November.
    2. Viswanathan, Brinda & Kavi Kumar, K. S., 2005. "Cooking fuel use patterns in India: 1983-2000," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 33(8), pages 1021-1036, May.
    3. Arrow, Kenneth & Bolin, Bert & Costanza, Robert & Dasgupta, Partha & Folke, Carl & Holling, C.S. & Jansson, Bengt-Owe & Levin, Simon & Mäler, Karl-Göran & Perrings, Charles & Pimentel, David, 1996. "Economic growth, carrying capacity, and the environment," Environment and Development Economics, Cambridge University Press, vol. 1(01), pages 104-110, February.
    4. Stokey, Nancy L, 1998. "Are There Limits to Growth?," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(1), pages 1-31, February.
    5. Costanza, Robert, 1995. "Economic growth, carrying capacity, and the environment," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 15(2), pages 89-90, November.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ouedraogo, Boukary, 2006. "Household energy preferences for cooking in urban Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 34(18), pages 3787-3795, December.
    2. Kavi Kumar, K.S. & Viswanathan, Brinda, 2007. "Changing structure of income indoor air pollution relationship in India," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 35(11), pages 5496-5504, November.

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