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Minimum Income Proposal in Québec

Author

Listed:
  • Nicholas-James Clavet
  • Jean-Yves Duclos
  • Guy Lacroix

Abstract

In 2002 the Government of Quebec enacted Bill 112, known as An Act to Combat Poverty and Social Exclusion. It has also instituted an advisory committee whose role is to advise the government on policies that may have a direct or indirect impact on poverty and social exclusion. The Committee published a series of recommendations in 2009 that more or less amount to a Guaranteed Minimum Income scheme. We investigate the likely consequences of the recommendations on employment and income of all individuals residing in the Province of Quebec. We do this through the use of a behavioural micro-simulation model. Our results show that the proposed recommendations would have a large negative impact on hours of work and labor force participation – and mostly so among low-income workers. The recommendations would involve outlays in the order of $2.2 billion per year.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicholas-James Clavet & Jean-Yves Duclos & Guy Lacroix, 2011. "Minimum Income Proposal in Québec," Cahiers de recherche 1129, CIRPEE.
  • Handle: RePEc:lvl:lacicr:1129
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    File URL: http://www.cirpee.org/fileadmin/documents/Cahiers_2011/CIRPEE11-29.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Bruce D. Meyer, 2002. "Labor Supply at the Extensive and Intensive Margins: The EITC, Welfare, and Hours Worked," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 92(2), pages 373-379, May.
    2. Keane, Michael & Moffitt, Robert, 1998. "A Structural Model of Multiple Welfare Program Participation and Labor Supply," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 39(3), pages 553-589, August.
    3. Nada Eissa & Hilary W. Hoynes, 2006. "Behavioral Responses to Taxes: Lessons from the EITC and Labor Supply," NBER Chapters,in: Tax Policy and the Economy, Volume 20, pages 73-110 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Blundell, Richard, 2000. "Work Incentives and 'In-Work' Benefit Reforms: A Review," Oxford Review of Economic Policy, Oxford University Press, vol. 16(1), pages 27-44, Spring.
    5. repec:crs:wpaper:9315 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. Nicolas Beaulieu & Jean-Yves Duclos & Bernard Fortin & Manon Rouleau, 2005. "Intergenerational reliance on social assistance: Evidence from Canada," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 18(3), pages 539-562, September.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Poverty; Guaranteed minimum income (GMI); Micro-simulation; Behavioural response; Cost of GMI;

    JEL classification:

    • I38 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Government Programs; Provision and Effects of Welfare Programs
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply
    • J48 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Particular Labor Markets - - - Particular Labor Markets; Public Policy

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