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Exporte und Produktivität in mittelständischen Betrieben Befunde aus der niedersächsischen Industrie (1995 – 2004)

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  • Joachim Wagner

    () (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

Abstract

Mikroökonometrische Studien mit Firmendaten aus vielen Ländern zeigen, dass exportierende Firmen eine höhere Produktivität aufweisen als Firmen, die lediglich den jeweiligen Binnenmarkt ihres Sitzlandes beliefern, und dass es einen Selbstselektionsprozess der produktiveren Firmen auf Auslandsmärkte gibt, während anderseits Exporttätigkeit nicht unbedingt die Produktivität verbessert. Der vorliegende Beitrag präsentiert empirische Befunde hierzu mit Daten für niedersächsische Industriebetriebe aus den Jahren 1995 bis 2004. Folgende Fragen stehen im Mittelpunkt: Wie unterscheiden sich Produktivität und Produktivitätswachstum zwischen exportierenden und nicht-exportierenden mittelständischen Betrieben? Gehen die produktiveren Betriebe den Schritt auf den Weltmarkt? Führen Exporte zu höherer Produktivität? Die Implikationen der Ergebnisse werden dann vor dem Hintergrund der internationalen Evidenz zum Zusammenhang zwischen Exporttätigkeit und Produktivität diskutiert.

Suggested Citation

  • Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Exporte und Produktivität in mittelständischen Betrieben Befunde aus der niedersächsischen Industrie (1995 – 2004)," Working Paper Series in Economics 11, University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Bernard, Andrew B. & Bradford Jensen, J., 1999. "Exceptional exporter performance: cause, effect, or both?," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
    2. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Zur Mikrostruktur der Investitionsdynamik in der Industrie. Analysen mit Betriebspaneldaten aus Niedersachsen (1995 – 2002)," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 125(4), pages 475-488.
    3. Wagner, Joachim, 2002. "The causal effects of exports on firm size and labor productivity: first evidence from a matching approach," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 77(2), pages 287-292, October.
    4. Andrew Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 1997. "Exports and success in German manufacturing," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 133(1), pages 134-157, March.
    5. Addison, John T. & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "German works councils in the production process," Discussion Papers 21, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
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    7. Joachim Wagner, 2007. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm-level Data," The World Economy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 30(1), pages 60-82, January.
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    10. Jens Matthias Arnold & Katrin Hussinger, 2005. "Export Behavior and Firm Productivity in German Manufacturing: A Firm-Level Analysis," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 141(2), pages 219-243, July.
    11. Marco Caliendo & Sabine Kopeinig, 2008. "Some Practical Guidance For The Implementation Of Propensity Score Matching," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 22(1), pages 31-72, February.
    12. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
    13. Andrew Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 2001. "Export entry and exit by German firms," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 137(1), pages 105-123, March.
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