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Exporte und Produktivität in mittelständischen Betrieben Befunde aus der niedersächsischen Industrie (1995 – 2004)

  • Joachim Wagner


    (Institute of Economics, University of Lüneburg)

Mikroökonometrische Studien mit Firmendaten aus vielen Ländern zeigen, dass exportierende Firmen eine höhere Produktivität aufweisen als Firmen, die lediglich den jeweiligen Binnenmarkt ihres Sitzlandes beliefern, und dass es einen Selbstselektionsprozess der produktiveren Firmen auf Auslandsmärkte gibt, während anderseits Exporttätigkeit nicht unbedingt die Produktivität verbessert. Der vorliegende Beitrag präsentiert empirische Befunde hierzu mit Daten für niedersächsische Industriebetriebe aus den Jahren 1995 bis 2004. Folgende Fragen stehen im Mittelpunkt: Wie unterscheiden sich Produktivität und Produktivitätswachstum zwischen exportierenden und nicht-exportierenden mittelständischen Betrieben? Gehen die produktiveren Betriebe den Schritt auf den Weltmarkt? Führen Exporte zu höherer Produktivität? Die Implikationen der Ergebnisse werden dann vor dem Hintergrund der internationalen Evidenz zum Zusammenhang zwischen Exporttätigkeit und Produktivität diskutiert.

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Paper provided by University of Lüneburg, Institute of Economics in its series Working Paper Series in Economics with number 11.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: 22 Jun 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:lue:wpaper:11
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  1. Wagner, Joachim, 2005. "Exports and Productivity : A survey of the evidence from firm level data," HWWA Discussion Papers 319, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  2. Addison, John T. & Schank, Thorsten & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2003. "German Works Councils in the Production Process," IZA Discussion Papers 812, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Andrew B. Bernard & Joachim Wagner, 1998. "Export Entry and Exit by German Firms," NBER Working Papers 6538, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  4. Andrew B. Bernard & J. Bradford Jensen, 1997. "Exceptional Exporter Performance: Cause, Effect, or Both?," NBER Working Papers 6272, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  5. Bernard, A. & Wagner, J., 1996. "Exports and Success in German Manufacturing," Working papers 96-10, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Department of Economics.
  6. Wagner, Joachim, 2001. "The causal effects of exports on firm size and labor productivity: First evidence from a matching approach," HWWA Discussion Papers 155, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
  7. Jens Matthias Arnold & Katrin Hussinger, 2003. "Export Behavior and Firm productivity in German Manufacturing. A Firm-Level Analysis," Development Working Papers 184, Centro Studi Luca d\'Agliano, University of Milano.
  8. Caliendo, Marco & Kopeinig, Sabine, 2005. "Some Practical Guidance for the Implementation of Propensity Score Matching," IZA Discussion Papers 1588, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  9. Girma, Sourafel & Greenaway, David & Kneller, Richard, 2003. "Export market exit and performance dynamics: a causality analysis of matched firms," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 80(2), pages 181-187, August.
  10. Sourafel Girma & Richard Kneller & Mauro Pisu, 2005. "Exports versus FDI: An Empirical Test," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer, vol. 141(2), pages 193-218, July.
  11. Joachim Wagner, 2005. "Zur Mikrostruktur der Investitionsdynamik in der Industrie. Analysen mit Betriebspaneldaten aus Niedersachsen (1995 – 2002)," Schmollers Jahrbuch : Journal of Applied Social Science Studies / Zeitschrift für Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaften, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin, vol. 125(4), pages 475-488.
  12. Sourafel Girma & David Greenaway & Richard Kneller, 2004. "Does Exporting Increase Productivity? A Microeconometric Analysis of Matched Firms," Review of International Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 12(5), pages 855-866, November.
  13. Delgado, Miguel A. & Farinas, Jose C. & Ruano, Sonia, 2002. "Firm productivity and export markets: a non-parametric approach," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 57(2), pages 397-422, August.
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