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Farsightedly Stable FTA Structures

  • Noritsugu Nakanishi


    (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University)

Taking account of the farsightedness of the countries and adopting the von Neumann-Morgenstern (vNM) stable set as the solution concept, we examine an FTA network formation game. FTA networks are represented by undirected graphs with their vertex sets being identified with the set of the countries. Each countryfs welfare depends upon the shape of the graph and its location in that graph. We examine two extreme cases: one in which the pre-agreement tari s are very high and the other in which they are su- ciently low. In the former, the farsighted vNM stable set only supports global free trade, implying that bilateral FTAs are building blocks for achieving global free trade. In the latter, the farsighted vNM stable set does not support global free trade, instead it supports some inecient FTA networks, implying that bilateral FTAs are stumbling blocks against achieving global free trade.

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Paper provided by Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University in its series Discussion Papers with number 1114.

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Length: 45pages
Date of creation: Aug 2011
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:koe:wpaper:1114
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  8. Eric W. Bond & Raymond G. Riezman & Constantinos Syropoulos, 2013. "A strategic and welfare theoretic analysis of free trade areas," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: International Trade Agreements and Political Economy, chapter 8, pages 101-127 World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
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  12. Sang-Seung, Yi, 1996. "Endogenous formation of customs unions under imperfect competition: open regionalism is good," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(1-2), pages 153-177, August.
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