Budget Deficits and Current Account in Japan and the U.S.: An Empirical Evidence on the Twin Deficits Hypothesis
This paper theoretically examines the mechanism of the occurrence of gtwin deficits h, which means that the budget balance influences the current account, and quantitatively analyzes the probability of the occurrence. Specifically, the author studies the cases of Japan and the U.S. to demonstrate that changes in liquidity constraint in households play an important role in the occurrence of twin deficits. The quantitative analysis indicates that Japan is likely to have had the mechanism where the deteriorating budget balance negatively influenced the current account in the 1990 fs, but not as far as turning it into a deficit. On the other hand, in the U.S., the rapid expansion of the budget deficits since 2007 seems to have deteriorated the current account, which implies the occurrence of twin deficits.
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