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Budget Deficits and Current Account in Japan and the U.S.: An Empirical Evidence on the Twin Deficits Hypothesis

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  • Yoichi Matsubayashi

    () (Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University)

Abstract

This paper theoretically examines the mechanism of the occurrence of gtwin deficits h, which means that the budget balance influences the current account, and quantitatively analyzes the probability of the occurrence. Specifically, the author studies the cases of Japan and the U.S. to demonstrate that changes in liquidity constraint in households play an important role in the occurrence of twin deficits. The quantitative analysis indicates that Japan is likely to have had the mechanism where the deteriorating budget balance negatively influenced the current account in the 1990 fs, but not as far as turning it into a deficit. On the other hand, in the U.S., the rapid expansion of the budget deficits since 2007 seems to have deteriorated the current account, which implies the occurrence of twin deficits.

Suggested Citation

  • Yoichi Matsubayashi, 2010. "Budget Deficits and Current Account in Japan and the U.S.: An Empirical Evidence on the Twin Deficits Hypothesis," Discussion Papers 1010, Graduate School of Economics, Kobe University.
  • Handle: RePEc:koe:wpaper:1010
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Normandin, Michel, 1999. "Budget deficit persistence and the twin deficits hypothesis," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 49(1), pages 171-193, October.
    2. Chinn, Menzie D. & Prasad, Eswar S., 2003. "Medium-term determinants of current accounts in industrial and developing countries: an empirical exploration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(1), pages 47-76, January.
    3. António Afonso & Christophe Rault, 2008. "Budgetary and External Imbalances Relationship : a Panel Data Diagnostic," Working Papers Department of Economics 2008/45, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
    4. Michele Cavallo, 2005. "Understanding the twin deficits: new approaches, new results," FRBSF Economic Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of San Francisco, issue jul22.
    5. Enders, Walter & Lee, Bong-Soo, 1990. "Current Account and Budget Deficits: Twins or Distant Cousins?," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 72(3), pages 373-381, August.
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    7. Piersanti, Giovanni, 2000. "Current account dynamics and expected future budget deficits: some international evidence," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 255-271, April.
    8. Rosenswieg, Jeffrey A & Tallman, Ellis W, 1993. "Fiscal Policy and Trade Adjustment: Are the Deficits Really Twins?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 31(4), pages 580-594, October.
    9. Yoichi Matsubayashi, 2009. "Household savings, Corporate savings and Government savings- Substitutability of Savings by Sectors in Japan and the United Sates (in Japanese)," Economic Analysis, Economic and Social Research Institute (ESRI), vol. 181, pages 48-74, January.
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    12. Matsubayashi, Yoichi, 2006. "Structural and cyclical movements of the current account in Japan: An alternative measure," Japan and the World Economy, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 545-567, December.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Current Account; Budget Deficits; Twin deficits; Liquidity Constraint;

    JEL classification:

    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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