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Negotiating with the future: Incorporating imaginary future generations into negotiations

Author

Listed:
  • Yoshio Kamijo

    () (School of Economics and Management, Kochi University of Technology)

  • Asuka Komiya

    (Hiroshima University)

  • Nobuhiro Mifune

    (School of Economics and Management, Kochi University of Technology)

  • Tatsuyoshi Saijo

    (School of Economics and Management, Kochi University of Technology)

Abstract

People to be born in the future have no direct influence on current affairs. Given the disconnect between people who are currently living and those that will inherit the planet left for them, individuals who are currently alive tend to be more oriented toward the present, posing a fundamental problem related to sustainability. In this study, we propose a new framework for reconciling the disconnect between the present and the future whereby some individuals in the current generation serve as an imaginary future generation that negotiates with individuals in the real-world present. Through a laboratory-controlled intergenerational sustainability dilemma game (ISDG), we show how the presence of negotiators for a future generation increases the benefits of future generations. More specifically, we found that when faced with members of an imaginary future generation, 60% of participants selected an option that promoted sustainability. In contrast, when the imaginary future generation was not salient, only 28% of participants chose the sustainable option.

Suggested Citation

  • Yoshio Kamijo & Asuka Komiya & Nobuhiro Mifune & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2016. "Negotiating with the future: Incorporating imaginary future generations into negotiations," Working Papers SDES-2016-13, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Oct 2016.
  • Handle: RePEc:kch:wpaper:sdes-2016-13
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Yoshio Kamijo & Yoichi Hizen & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2015. "Hearing the voice of future generations: A laboratory experiment of ``Demeny voting''," Working Papers SDES-2015-8, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Jan 2015.
    2. Jeffrey P. Carpenter, 2000. "Negotiation in the Commons: Incorporating Field and Experimental Evidence into a Theory of Local Collective Action," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 156(4), pages 661-661, December.
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    Cited by:

    1. Yoshinori Nakagawa & Real Arai & Koji Kotani & Masanobu Nagano & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2018. "Is an intergenerational retrospective viewpoint effective in forming policy preferences for financial sustainability in local and national economies? A deliberative experimental approach," Working Papers SDES-2018-6, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Sep 2018.
    2. Raja Timilsina & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa & Tatsuyoshi Saijo Saijo, 2017. "Can deliberative democracy resolve intergenerational sustainability dilemma?," Working Papers SDES-2017-20, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Oct 2017.
    3. Raja R. Timilsina & Koji Kotani & Yoshinori Nakagawa & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2018. "Concerns for future generations in societies: A deliberative analysis on intergenerational sustainability dilemma," Working Papers SDES-2018-16, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Nov 2018.
    4. Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2017. "Intergenerational sustainability dilemma and a potential solution: Future ahead and back mechanism," Working Papers SDES-2017-9, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Aug 2017.
    5. Yoshinori Nakagawa & Koji Kotani & Yoshio Kamijo & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2016. "Solving intergenerational sustainability dilemma through imaginary future generations: A qualitative-deliberative approach," Working Papers SDES-2016-14, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Oct 2016.
    6. Yoshio Kamijo & Yoichi Hizen & Tatsuyoshi Saijo & Teruyuki Tamura, 2019. "Voting on Behalf of a Future Generation: A Laboratory Experiment," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 11(16), pages 1-21, August.
    7. Shibly Shahrier & Koji Kotani & Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2016. "Intergenerational sustainability and the degree of capitalism in the society: A field experiment," Working Papers SDES-2016-10, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Jul 2016.
    8. Tatsuyoshi Saijo, 2018. "Õåüà ãüûǶ¤Ã³Ï¼Š Æœ ǶŠå ¯Èƒ½Ã ªâ¾Ƒ然à ¨Ç¤¾Ä¼Šã‚’Å°†Æ ¥Ä¸–Ä»£Ã «Å¼•Ã Ƕ™Ã à Ÿã‚ à «," Working Papers SDES-2018-3, Kochi University of Technology, School of Economics and Management, revised Jul 2018.
    9. Michinori Uwasu & Yusuke Kishita & Keishiro Hara & Yutaka Nomaguchi, 2020. "Citizen-Participatory Scenario Design Methodology with Future Design Approach: A Case Study of Visioning of a Low-Carbon Society in Suita City, Japan," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 12(11), pages 1-17, June.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    ntergenerational Sustainability Dilemma Game; Imaginary Future Generation; Negotiation;

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