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Statistical Analysis of Landmine Fatalities in Kurdistan

Author

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  • Heshmati, Almas

    () (Jönköping University, Sogang University)

  • Khayyat, Nabaz T.

    () (Seoul National University)

Abstract

This study analyzes mines and unexploded ordnance (UXO) victim data in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq during the period of the 1960s to 2005. In addition to descriptive analysis of the data, we use regression analysis to identify the determinants of the probability of getting killed by a mine or UXO and to estimate the determinants impacts. The rates of killed and injured victims are explained using a set of socioeconomic variables. Since the data is repeated cross sections in which individuals are observed when they are subjected to accident and in order to account for the dynamic aspect of the process and heterogeneity by location, we create pseudo panel data where districts are observed over the entire study period forming almost a balanced panel data. This allows for analysis of both heterogeneity and dynamics across locations and over time, as well as to control for unobserved location and time effects. The result can be useful in planning, monitoring, and resource allocation for mine action and labor market programmes and rehabilitation activities.

Suggested Citation

  • Heshmati, Almas & Khayyat, Nabaz T., 2011. "Statistical Analysis of Landmine Fatalities in Kurdistan," IZA Discussion Papers 6018, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp6018
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Almas Heshmati & Subal C. Kumbhakar, 1997. "Estimation Of Technical Efficiency In Swedish Crop Farms: A Pseudo Panel Data Approach," Journal of Agricultural Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 48(1-3), pages 22-37.
    2. Deaton, Angus, 1985. "Panel data from time series of cross-sections," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 30(1-2), pages 109-126.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    rehabilitation; security and war; pseudo panel data; unexploded ordinance; landmine; Kurdistan;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • C42 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods: Special Topics - - - Survey Methods
    • H56 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - National Security and War
    • J15 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
    • N45 - Economic History - - Government, War, Law, International Relations, and Regulation - - - Asia including Middle East

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