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The Impact of Local Labour Market Conditions on Participation in Further Education in England


  • Clark, Damon

    () (University of California, Irvine)


Over the past 30 years, participation in Further Education (FE) in England has been markedly counter-cyclical. What is more, it has yet to increase beyond the peak of 70% reached in 1993, much to the concern of policy-makers. An obvious explanation for these facts is the availability of labour market opportunities, as measured by youth unemployment. Other things equal, the higher is youth unemployment, the more inclined young people will be to participate in FE. To assess this claim, we construct a 20-year panel of regional-level data. In line with this simple story, we find youth unemployment effects that are at least twice as large as those previously estimated, and that can explain the absence of any post-1993 increase, at least for boys. Other interesting findings concern the role of national returns to participation for boys, and cohort size for girls.

Suggested Citation

  • Clark, Damon, 2002. "The Impact of Local Labour Market Conditions on Participation in Further Education in England," IZA Discussion Papers 550, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp550

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    Cited by:

    1. Middendorf, Torge, 2007. "The Impact of Cohort Size and Local Labor Market Conditions on Human Capital Accumulation in Europe," Ruhr Economic Papers 10, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    2. Fertig, Michael & Schmidt, Christoph M. & Sinning, Mathias G., 2009. "The impact of demographic change on human capital accumulation," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 16(6), pages 659-668, December.
    3. Torge Middendorf, 2007. "The Impact of Cohort Size and Local Labor Market Conditions on Human Capital Accumulation in Europe," Ruhr Economic Papers 0010, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    4. repec:zbw:rwirep:0010 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    further education; human capital; local labour markets; further education; human capital; local labour markets;

    JEL classification:

    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • I28 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Government Policy

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