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Pertenencia a clústeres y comportamiento competitivo de las empresas: un estudio de seis asociaciones-clúster en el País Vasco


  • Jesús María Valdaliso

    () (Universidad del País Vasco/ Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea)


El trabajo examina si la pertenencia a una asociación-clúster produce algún efecto positivo sobre la competitividad y la productividad de las empresas afiliadas. El trabajo emplea un modelo no paramétrico DEA (Data Envelopment Analysis) aplicado a la población de empresas que forman parte de los sectores agrupados en seis asociacionesclúster del País Vasco (AFM, ACE, GAIA, FMV, HEGAN y Clúster del Papel). A partir de los datos de SABI para 2011, el trabajo realiza un doble análisis: inter-empresa, cuyo objetivo es comprobar si las empresas afiliadas a una asociación-clúster consiguen mejores resultados de eficiencia que las no afiliadas; intra-clúster, cuyo objetivo es analizar si la pertenencia a la asociación-clúster impulsa de forma diferente el comportamiento de las empresas dependiendo del grado de identidad sectorial de la empresa con el clúster. El trabajo muestra que las empresas afiliadas a las seis asociaciones-clúster analizadas consiguen resultados y niveles de eficiencia superiores que las no afiliadas. También obtienen una serie de ventajas operativas en la gestión que podrían ser consideradas como activos intangibles que influyen en sus niveles de eficiencia.

Suggested Citation

  • Jesús María Valdaliso, 2015. "Pertenencia a clústeres y comportamiento competitivo de las empresas: un estudio de seis asociaciones-clúster en el País Vasco," Working Papers 2015R02, Orkestra - Basque Institute of Competitiveness.
  • Handle: RePEc:ivc:wpaper:2015r02

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    References listed on IDEAS

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