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How Do Income and Bequest Taxes Affect Income Inequality? The Role of Parental Transfers

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Abstract

This paper analyzes the effectiveness of non-traditional monetary policy measures implemented by the Bank of Japan (BOJ) based on the quantity theory of money. The reduced form equation regression results explain that quantity easing policy measures have very limited effects on the economy, especially on inflation under the zero lower bound on interest rates. Therefore, it is worth noting that stimulating the demand-side economy and hence money demand through credit creation is much important rather than the expansion of money stock under the zero percent interest rates policy. In other words, the new phase of monetary easing policy measures by the BOJ will not be effective to overcome the deflationary gap, although around one percent inflation will be observed in the second and third fiscal year, which is expected to be affected by rise in import price through yen depreciation, according to the scenario simulation in this study.

Suggested Citation

  • Osamu Nakamura, 2013. "How Do Income and Bequest Taxes Affect Income Inequality? The Role of Parental Transfers," Working Papers EMS_2013_11, Research Institute, International University of Japan.
  • Handle: RePEc:iuj:wpaper:ems_2013_11
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    File URL: http://www.iuj.ac.jp/workingpapers/index.cfm?File=EMS_2013_11.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2013
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Nobuyuki Oda & Kazuo Ueda, 2007. "The Effects Of The Bank Of Japan'S Zero Interest Rate Commitment And Quantitative Monetary Easing On The Yield Curve: A Macro-Finance Approach," The Japanese Economic Review, Japanese Economic Association, vol. 58(3), pages 303-328.
    2. Hiroshi Ugai, 2007. "Effects of the Quantitative Easing Policy: A Survey of Empirical Analyses," Monetary and Economic Studies, Institute for Monetary and Economic Studies, Bank of Japan, vol. 25(1), pages 1-48, March.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    non-traditional mone tary policy; money multiplier; quantitative easing (QE); quantity theory of money; inflation target policy;

    JEL classification:

    • E43 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Interest Rates: Determination, Term Structure, and Effects
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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