Treasury Auctions, Uniform or Discriminatory?: An Agent-Based Approach
This study explores the use of the agent based computational economics (ACE) technique to address the question of how a Treasury should auction its securities. In particular, this study explores whether a Treasury should use a discriminatory-price rule. Buyers are modeled as profit seekers that are capable of submitting strategic bids via reinforcement learning. The buyers' profits are determined by auction prices and ex-post competitive resale prices. Experimental designs focus on four treatment varibles: (1) the buyers' learning representation; (2) market structures; (3) volatility of security prices in the secondary market; and (4) relative capacity (RCAP). Experimental findings show that security price volatility in the secondary market has little effect on market outcomes. However, market outcomes are sensitive to market structures, RCAP, and the buyers' learning representation. The two different auction rules result in different, persistent, systematically patterned market outcomes. Moreover, these findings help to explain why discrepancies have arisen among previous Treasury auction studies.
|Date of creation:||23 Jun 2004|
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- McAfee, R Preston & McMillan, John, 1987. "Auctions and Bidding," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(2), pages 699-738, June.
- Nicolaisen, James & Petrov, Valentin & Tesfatsion, Leigh S., 2001.
"Market Power and Efficiency in a Computational Electricity Market with Discriminatory Double-Auction Pricing,"
Staff General Research Papers
2050, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- James Nicolaisen & Valentin Petrov & Leigh Tesfatsion, 2000. "Market Power and Efficiency in a Computational Electricity Market with Discriminatory Double-Auction Pricing," Computational Economics 0004005, EconWPA.
- Nicolaisen, James & Petrov, Valentin & Tesfatsion, Leigh S., 2000. "Market Power and Efficiency in a Computational Electricity Market with Discriminatory Double-Auction Pricing," Staff General Research Papers 1952, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
- Leonardo Bartolini & Carlo Cottarelli, 1997. "Designing effective auctions for treasury securities," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 3(Jul).
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- Erev, Ido & Roth, Alvin E, 1998. "Predicting How People Play Games: Reinforcement Learning in Experimental Games with Unique, Mixed Strategy Equilibria," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(4), pages 848-81, September.
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- Natalia Fabra, 2003. "Tacit Collusion in Repeated Auctions: Uniform Versus Discriminatory," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 271-293, 09.
- Nyborg, Kjell G. & Sundaresan, Suresh, 1996. "Discriminatory versus uniform Treasury auctions: Evidence from when-issued transactions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 63-104, September.
- Alvin E. Roth, 2002. "The Economist as Engineer: Game Theory, Experimentation, and Computation as Tools for Design Economics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(4), pages 1341-1378, July.
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