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Treasury Auctions, Uniform or Discriminatory?: An Agent-Based Approach

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  • Koesrindartoto, Deddy P.

Abstract

This study explores the use of the agent based computational economics (ACE) technique to address the question of how a Treasury should auction its securities. In particular, this study explores whether a Treasury should use a discriminatory-price rule. Buyers are modeled as profit seekers that are capable of submitting strategic bids via reinforcement learning. The buyers' profits are determined by auction prices and ex-post competitive resale prices. Experimental designs focus on four treatment varibles: (1) the buyers' learning representation; (2) market structures; (3) volatility of security prices in the secondary market; and (4) relative capacity (RCAP). Experimental findings show that security price volatility in the secondary market has little effect on market outcomes. However, market outcomes are sensitive to market structures, RCAP, and the buyers' learning representation. The two different auction rules result in different, persistent, systematically patterned market outcomes. Moreover, these findings help to explain why discrepancies have arisen among previous Treasury auction studies.

Suggested Citation

  • Koesrindartoto, Deddy P., 2004. "Treasury Auctions, Uniform or Discriminatory?: An Agent-Based Approach," Staff General Research Papers Archive 11988, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:11988
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    File URL: http://www2.econ.iastate.edu/papers/p3833-2004-06-23.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Erev, Ido & Roth, Alvin E, 1998. "Predicting How People Play Games: Reinforcement Learning in Experimental Games with Unique, Mixed Strategy Equilibria," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 88(4), pages 848-881, September.
    2. Koesrindartoto, Deddy P., 2002. "Discrete Double Auctions with Artificial Adaptive Agents: A Case Study of an Electricity Market Using a Double Auction Simulator," Staff General Research Papers Archive 10017, Iowa State University, Department of Economics.
    3. Natalia Fabra, 2003. "Tacit Collusion in Repeated Auctions: Uniform Versus Discriminatory," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 51(3), pages 271-293, September.
    4. Alvin E. Roth, 2002. "The Economist as Engineer: Game Theory, Experimentation, and Computation as Tools for Design Economics," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 70(4), pages 1341-1378, July.
    5. James Nicolaisen & Valentin Petrov & Leigh Tesfatsion, 2000. "Market Power and Efficiency in a Computational Electricity Market with Discriminatory Double-Auction Pricing," Computational Economics 0004005, EconWPA.
    6. Nyborg, Kjell G. & Sundaresan, Suresh, 1996. "Discriminatory versus uniform Treasury auctions: Evidence from when-issued transactions," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(1), pages 63-104, September.
    7. McAfee, R Preston & McMillan, John, 1987. "Auctions and Bidding," Journal of Economic Literature, American Economic Association, vol. 25(2), pages 699-738, June.
    8. Leonardo Bartolini & Carlo Cottarelli, 1997. "Designing effective auctions for treasury securities," Current Issues in Economics and Finance, Federal Reserve Bank of New York, vol. 3(Jul).
    9. Robert A Feldman & Vincent Reinhart, 1995. "Flexible Estimation of Demand Schedules and Revenue Under Different Auction Formats," IMF Working Papers 95/116, International Monetary Fund.
    10. Back, Kerry & Zender, Jaime F, 1993. "Auctions of Divisible Goods: On the Rationale for the Treasury Experiment," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 6(4), pages 733-764.
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    Cited by:

    1. Monostori, Zoltán, 2013. "Diszkriminatív áras és egyenáras aukciók
      [Discriminatory and uniform-price auctions]
      ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(10), pages 1048-1074.
    2. Markose, Sheri & Alentorn, Amadeo & Koesrindartoto, Deddy & Allen, Peter & Blythe, Phil & Grosso, Sergio, 2007. "A smart market for passenger road transport (SMPRT) congestion: An application of computational mechanism design," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 31(6), pages 2001-2032, June.
    3. Sheri Markose, 2006. "Developments in experimental and agent-based computational economics (ACE): overview," Journal of Economic Interaction and Coordination, Springer;Society for Economic Science with Heterogeneous Interacting Agents, vol. 1(2), pages 119-127, November.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    agent-based computational economics; treasury auctions; discriminatory and unifome-price auction rules;

    JEL classification:

    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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