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Cac Versus Incentive-Based Instruments in Agriculture: The Case of the Conservation Reserve Program

  • Feng, Hongli
  • Kling, Catherine L.
  • Kurkalova, Lyubov A.
  • Secchi, Silvia

In this paper, we examine command-and-control (CAC) policies and market-based instruments (MBI) in the context of the Conservation Reserve Program (CRP). The CRP, an MBI in the form of subsidies, is by far the largest agro-environmental policy implemented to date. We compare the environmental performance of the CRP as implemented to a few counterfactual CAC polices using EPIC (Environmental Policy Integrated Climate), a bio-physical simulation model. In the context of multiple environmental indicators, no policy alternative emerges as a clear winner. The importance of the choice and design of CAC policies is emphasized. Keywords: command-and-control policy, Conservation Reserve Program, market-based instrument.

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Paper provided by Iowa State University, Department of Economics in its series Staff General Research Papers with number 10796.

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Date of creation: 01 Oct 2007
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Handle: RePEc:isu:genres:10796
Contact details of provider: Postal: Iowa State University, Dept. of Economics, 260 Heady Hall, Ames, IA 50011-1070
Phone: +1 515.294.6741
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Web page: http://www.econ.iastate.edu
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  14. Smith, Vincent H. & Goodwin, Barry K., 2003. "An Ex Post Evaluation of the Conservation Reserve, Federal Crop Insurance, and Other Government Programs: Program Participation and Soil Erosion," Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, Western Agricultural Economics Association, vol. 28(02), August.
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