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Economic centrality, per capita income and human capital – some results at regional level


  • Nuno Crespo
  • Maria Paula Fontoura


It has been shown that countries located further from global economic activity will have lower levels of per capita income and human capital. We evaluate, for the Portuguese case, the validity of the positive relationship of economic centrality with per capita income and with human capital at the regional level (275 regions). Results show that more central regions - in terms of proximity to the location of the economic activity - appear to have higher levels of per capita income and human capital. Some regions suffer a permanent penalty resulting from their disadvantage as regards the relative geographical position.

Suggested Citation

  • Nuno Crespo & Maria Paula Fontoura, 2006. "Economic centrality, per capita income and human capital – some results at regional level," Working Papers Department of Economics 2006/28, ISEG - Lisbon School of Economics and Management, Department of Economics, Universidade de Lisboa.
  • Handle: RePEc:ise:isegwp:wp282006

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Redding, Stephen & Venables, Anthony J., 2004. "Economic geography and international inequality," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(1), pages 53-82, January.
    2. Redding, Stephen & Schott, Peter K., 2003. "Distance, skill deepening and development: will peripheral countries ever get rich?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 515-541, December.
    3. Thierry Mayer & Keith Head, 2002. "Illusory Border Effects: Distance Mismeasurement Inflates Estimates of Home Bias in Trade," Working Papers 2002-01, CEPII research center.
    4. Marius Brülhart, 2001. "Evolving geographical concentration of European manufacturing industries," Review of World Economics (Weltwirtschaftliches Archiv), Springer;Institut für Weltwirtschaft (Kiel Institute for the World Economy), vol. 137(2), pages 215-243, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Crespo, Nuno & Fontoura, M. Paula & Simoes, Nadia, 2014. "Economic Centrality: How Much is Economics and How Much is Geography?," MPRA Paper 58028, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. CRESPO, Nuno & FONTOURA, M. Paula & SIMOES, Nadia, 2015. "Spatial Centrality: An Approach With Sectoral Linkages," Applied Econometrics and International Development, Euro-American Association of Economic Development, vol. 15(1), pages 45-56.

    More about this item


    economic centrality; economic geography; income per capita; human capital.;

    JEL classification:

    • O10 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - General
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure

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