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Characteristics of farming systems in Albania


  • Fatmir Guri

    (European Commission – JRC)

  • Ilir Kapaj

    (Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economics and Agro-business, Tirana, Albania)

  • Bahri Musabelliu

    (Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economics and Agro-business, Tirana, Albania)

  • Maksim Meço

    (Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economics and Agro-business, Tirana, Albania)

  • Eneida Topulli

    (Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economics and Agro-business, Tirana, Albania)

  • Remzi Keco

    (Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economics and Agro-business, Tirana, Albania)

  • Natasha Hodaj

    (Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economics and Agro-business, Tirana, Albania)

  • Shpresim Domi

    (Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economics and Agro-business, Tirana, Albania)

  • Gentjan Mehmeti

    (Agricultural University of Tirana, Faculty of Economics and Agro-business, Tirana, Albania)

  • Sergio Gomez y Paloma

    (European Commission – JRC)


This report is based on information collected from a face-to-face survey of more than 1 000 farmers from three regions of Albania (namely Berat, Elbasan and Lezhë To identify a representative sample of Albanian farming systems, a three-step sample design was used. A group of 11 variables dealing with the socio-economic characteristics of farms was selected to build up the farming system typology. Two typologies are used: one for the whole sample (three regions) and a second one for each region. The differences between the two typologies are considered to be a proxy indicator of different characteristics of farming systems in each region. The farm types identified are (1) poly-culture, mainly for the market; (2) leisure farms; (3) arable crops; (4) fruit trees; (5) self-sufficient; and (6) livestock. The farm typology is slightly different for the regions of Berat and Lezhë. The farm types’ strategies are constructed according to the land, infrastructure facilities and the investment availability of farms. Non-agricultural incomes (remittances, income from the construction, trade, pensions, etc.) appear to provide an important economic support for the farm household. Farming structures in rural areas are characterised by the use of more labour and lower inputs. The farm types that tend to specialise in one activity are not always those that make the best use of labour and land. Farming does not provide enough income to repay the work put in at the official minimum wage level. Non-agricultural work is better paid. Albanian farms provide at least a minimal income that is enough to keep the household members above the threshold of extreme poverty. The farm types that base their incomes on agricultural activities are poorer than those that base their income on non-agricultural activities. Income structures and the low incomes generated by work in agriculture suggests that rural migration towards urban areas and abroad is a phenomenon that will persist into the future

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  • Fatmir Guri & Ilir Kapaj & Bahri Musabelliu & Maksim Meço & Eneida Topulli & Remzi Keco & Natasha Hodaj & Shpresim Domi & Gentjan Mehmeti & Sergio Gomez y Paloma, 2015. "Characteristics of farming systems in Albania," JRC Research Reports JRC95833, Joint Research Centre.
  • Handle: RePEc:ipt:iptwpa:jrc95833

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Talip Kilic & Calogero Carletto & Juna Miluka & Sara Savastano, 2009. "Rural nonfarm income and its impact on agriculture: evidence from Albania," Agricultural Economics, International Association of Agricultural Economists, vol. 40(2), pages 139-160, March.
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    Cited by:

    1. Ciaian, P. & Guri, F. & Rajcaniova, M. & Drabik, D. & Gomez Y Paloma, S., 2018. "Does Land Fragmentation Increase Agricultural Production Diversification in Rural Albania?," 2018 Conference, July 28-August 2, 2018, Vancouver, British Columbia 277093, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    2. Ciaian, Pavel & Guri, Fatmir & Rajcaniova, Miroslava & Drabik, Dusan & Paloma, Sergio, 2015. "Land Fragmentation, Production Diversification, and Food Security: A Case Study from Rural Albania," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211539, International Association of Agricultural Economists.

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    Albania; face-to-face interviews; farming systems typology; Agricultural incomes; non-agricultural incomes; rural areas.;
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