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Cuotas de Pesca y Libre Competencia: Algunas Reflexiones para la Nueva Ley de Pesca

  • Juan-Pablo Montero

    ()

    (Instituto de Economía. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile.)

Hacia fines del 2012 debe entrar en vigencia una nueva ley de pesca en reemplazo de la actual Ley No. 19.713. Varios analistas han argumentado que la nueva ley se debe hacer cargo, entre otras cosas, de la baja competencia en el sector y de la falta de entrada de nuevos actores. En este trabajo se estudia la validez de estos argumentos a la luz de la teoría económica y de los datos provenientes de las pesquerías de la zona Centro-Sur que son las principales del país. El principal resultado del estudio es que no se observan problemas de libre competencia ni en los mercados de productos finales (v.gr., harina, aceite, conservas, congelados) ni en el mercado de transacción de cuotas individuales. A pesar de esto último, la autoridad debiera igualmente facilitar en la nueva ley una mayor transferibilidad de las cuotas, tal como ya ocurre en otras pesquerías en Chile. Se explica además que desde una perspectiva de libre competencia no hace diferencia si la asignación inicial de las cuotas individuales se realiza en base a capturas históricas o vía subasta, que es lo que proponen estos analistas. Por lo mismo, el uso de subastas responde a motivos de recaudación y distribución y esa es una discusión de economía política que se debiera mantener separada de los temas de libre competencia.

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Paper provided by Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. in its series Documentos de Trabajo with number 405.

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Date of creation: 2011
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Handle: RePEc:ioe:doctra:405
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  1. Juan-Pablo Montero, 2009. "Market Power in Pollution Permit Markets," Documentos de Trabajo 355, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  2. Julio Peña Torres & Gabriel Fernándes Aguirre,, 2009. "Disuación de entrada, subastas repetidas y divisibilidad del objeto en venta," ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers inv236, Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines.
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  5. Kerr, Suzi & Sanchirico, James & Newell, Richard, 2002. "Fishing Quota Markets," Discussion Papers dp-02-20, Resources For the Future.
  6. Requate, Till, 2005. "Dynamic incentives by environmental policy instruments--a survey," Ecological Economics, Elsevier, vol. 54(2-3), pages 175-195, August.
  7. Spulber, Daniel F., 1985. "Effluent regulation and long-run optimality," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 12(2), pages 103-116, June.
  8. repec:cup:cbooks:9780521551847 is not listed on IDEAS
  9. Montero, Juan-Pablo, 1998. "Marketable pollution permits with uncertainty and transaction costs," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 27-50, March.
  10. Matti Liski & Juan-Pablo Montero, 2008. "Market power in an exhaustible resource market: The case of storable pollution permits," Documentos de Trabajo 329, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
  11. David Malueg & Andrew Yates, 2009. "Bilateral Oligopoly, Private Information, and Pollution Permit Markets," Environmental & Resource Economics, European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 43(4), pages 553-572, August.
  12. Juan-Pablo Montero, 2006. "A Simple Auction Mechanism for the Optimal Allocation of the Commons," Documentos de Trabajo 311, Instituto de Economia. Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile..
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  14. Wilson, Robert, 1979. "Auctions of Shares," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 93(4), pages 675-89, November.
  15. Coase, Ronald H, 1972. "Durability and Monopoly," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 15(1), pages 143-49, April.
  16. Hahn, Robert W., 1982. "Market Power and Transferable Property Rights," Working Papers 402, California Institute of Technology, Division of the Humanities and Social Sciences.
  17. Kahn, Charles M, 1986. "The Durable Goods Monopolist and Consistency with Increasing Costs," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 54(2), pages 275-94, March.
  18. Salant, Stephen W & Switzer, Sheldon & Reynolds, Robert J, 1983. "Losses from Horizontal Merger: The Effects of an Exogenous Change in Industry Structure on Cournot-Nash Equilibrium," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 98(2), pages 185-99, May.
  19. Jung, Chulho & Krutilla, Kerry & Boyd, Roy, 1996. "Incentives for Advanced Pollution Abatement Technology at the Industry Level: An Evaluation of Policy Alternatives," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 30(1), pages 95-111, January.
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