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Risk Preference Differentials of Small Groups and Individuals

Author

Listed:
  • Robert S. Shupp

    (Ball State University)

  • Arlington W. Williams

    (Indiana University Bloomington)

Abstract

This research compares lottery valuation decisions made by individuals with similar decisions made by small groups. There is an extensive social psychology literature addressing group versus individual decision making, but few studies explore this issue in economic contexts with cash rewards. Willingness-topay data elicited from independent samples of individuals and three-person groups in a repeated-measures experimental design reveal that: 1) the variance of risk preferences is generally smaller for groups than individuals, and 2) the average group is more risk averse than the average individual in high-risk situations, but groups tend to be less risk averse in low-risk situations.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert S. Shupp & Arlington W. Williams, 2006. "Risk Preference Differentials of Small Groups and Individuals," CAEPR Working Papers 2006-006, Center for Applied Economics and Policy Research, Department of Economics, Indiana University Bloomington.
  • Handle: RePEc:inu:caeprp:2006006
    as

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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    lab experiments; risk preferences; group decisions; certainty equivalents;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C91 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Individual Behavior
    • C92 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Design of Experiments - - - Laboratory, Group Behavior
    • D80 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - General

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