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Gendered Taxes: The Interaction of Tax Policy with Gender Equality


  • Maria Delgado Coelho
  • Aieshwarya Davis
  • Mr. Alexander D Klemm
  • Ms. Carolina Osorio-Buitron


This paper provides an overview of the relation between tax policy and gender equality, covering labor, capital and wealth, as well as consumption taxes. It considers implicit and explicit gender biases and corrective taxation. On labor taxes, we discuss the well-established findings on female labor supply and present new empirical work on the impact of household taxation. We also analyze the impact of progressivity on pay gaps and labor supply. On capital and wealth taxation, we discuss the implications of lower effective capital income taxation on the personal income tax burden gap across genders. We show that countries with relatively low female shares of capital income and wealth also tend to tax property and inheritances particularly lightly. On consumption taxes, we cover taxes on female hygiene products and excise taxes, which we assess in relation to externalities and differences in consumption patterns across genders.

Suggested Citation

  • Maria Delgado Coelho & Aieshwarya Davis & Mr. Alexander D Klemm & Ms. Carolina Osorio-Buitron, 2022. "Gendered Taxes: The Interaction of Tax Policy with Gender Equality," IMF Working Papers 2022/026, International Monetary Fund.
  • Handle: RePEc:imf:imfwpa:2022/026

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    Cited by:

    1. Tisch, Daria & Schechtl, Manuel, 2023. "The Gender (Tax) Gap in Parental Transfers. Evidence from Administrative Inheritance and Gift Tax Data," SocArXiv kfetw, Center for Open Science.
    2. Ernst, Ekkehard & Merola, Rossana & Reljic, Jelena, 2024. "Fiscal policy instruments for inclusive labour markets: A review," GLO Discussion Paper Series 1406, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
    3. Jelena Reljic & Francesco Zezza, 2024. "Breaking the Divide: Can Public Spending on Social Infrastructure Boost Female Employment in Italy?," Working Papers in Public Economics 246, University of Rome La Sapienza, Department of Economics and Law.
    4. Lidija Hauptman & Berislav Žmuk & Ivana Pavić, 2024. "Tax Compliance in Slovenia: An Empirical Assessment of Tax Knowledge and Fairness Perception," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 17(3), pages 1-32, February.
    5. Michael Christl & Silvia De Poli & Viginta Ivaškaitė-Tamošiūnė, 2022. "The Lock-in Effect of Marriage: Work Incentives after Saying “I Do”," Social Sciences, MDPI, vol. 11(11), pages 1-24, October.


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