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Efectos del Impuesto a las Utiildades en la Inversión Extranjera en América Latina

Durante los últimos años, varios países de América Latina han bajado las tasas de impuesto a las utilidades de las empresas, entre otras razones, con el objetivo de atraer más Inversión Extranjera. Sin embargo, dicha política sólo puede tener resultados significativos si la elasticidad de la Inversión Extranjera es relativamente alta. Lamentablemente, para el caso de América Latina no hay evidencia empírica en la literatura económica que indique la magnitud de dicha elasticidad y uno de los objetivos de este estudio es llenar ese vacío. Una primera contribución de este trabajo consiste precisamente en estimar la magnitud de los efectos tributarios en la inversión extranjera en América Latina. Una segunda contribución consiste en considerar explícitamente en el análisis empírico el hecho de que los inversionistas extranjeros tienen una Outside Option en sus alternativas de inversión y pueden decidir no invertir en ningún país de América Latina. La evidencia empírica en este trabajo, utilizando un modelo de elección discreta y un panel de 11 países en Latinoamérica para el período 1990-2002, muestra una elasticidadimpuesto de la inversión extranjera entre -0,5 y -0,9.

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Paper provided by Ilades-Georgetown University, Universidad Alberto Hurtado/School of Economics and Bussines in its series ILADES-Georgetown University Working Papers with number inv174.

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Length: 28 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2006
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:ila:ilades:inv174
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  1. Coughlin, Cletus C & Terza, Joseph V & Arromdee, Vachira, 1991. "State Characteristics and the Location of Foreign Direct Investment within the United States," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 73(4), pages 675-83, November.
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  5. Aviv Nevo, 2000. "A Practitioner's Guide to Estimation of Random-Coefficients Logit Models of Demand," Journal of Economics & Management Strategy, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 9(4), pages 513-548, December.
  6. Michael Devereux & Rachel Griffith, 1996. "Taxes and the location of production: evidence from a panel of US multinationals," IFS Working Papers W96/14, Institute for Fiscal Studies.
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