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The Mortality of Newborns and Nurse Staffing Levels

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  • Beomsoo Kim

    () (Department of Economics, Korea University, Seoul, Republic of Korea)

  • Minjee Kim

Abstract

This study analyzed the effect of nurse/patient ratio on health outcomes, as measured by death, by measuring the impact of weekend births when nurse staffing is low. Methods. The 2002 Linked Birth/Infant Death Detail Data of the National Center for Health Statistics was used for analysis. The sample was restricted to vaginal births without induction and stimulation. We found lower number of births during weekends, which may mean that women having children at these times might have more urgent or difficult births, and that these variables were unaccounted for in the data. We used birth weight as a proxy measure of unobserved health condition at birth when we performed the regression on death within a certain number of days after birth.

Suggested Citation

  • Beomsoo Kim & Minjee Kim, 2012. "The Mortality of Newborns and Nurse Staffing Levels," Discussion Paper Series 1204, Institute of Economic Research, Korea University.
  • Handle: RePEc:iek:wpaper:1204
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    File URL: http://econ.korea.ac.kr/~ri/WorkingPapers/w1204.pdf
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    1. Andrew Cook & Martin Gaynor & Melvin Stephens, Jr. & Lowell Taylor, 2010. "The Effect of Hospital Nurse Staffing on Patient Health Outcomes: Evidence from California's Minimum Staffing Regulation," NBER Working Papers 16077, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Evans, William N. & Kim, Beomsoo, 2006. "Patient outcomes when hospitals experience a surge in admissions," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 25(2), pages 365-388, March.
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