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Paquetes de rescate de la balanza de pagos: ¿Pueden funcionar o no?

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  • Eduardo Fernández-Arias

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Abstract

(Disponible en idioma inglés únicamente) En este trabajo se genera una tipología de crisis de la balanza de pagos con expectativas racionales, específicamente crisis de liquidez y solvencia. La aplicación ex post de dispositivos de rescate financiero oficial de magnitud suficiente es una cura perfecta para las crisis de liquidez, pero representa un rescate ineficaz y costos de los inversionistas privados en el caso de crisis de solvencia. La anticipación de programas de rescate alienta el endeudamiento, lo cual a su vez anula toda mejora de la solvencia. Debido a las probables imperfecciones de su aplicación, los programas de rescate reales conllevan pérdidas financieras para el sector público y fácilmente pueden ser contraproducentes debido al riesgo moral.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Fernández-Arias, 1996. "Paquetes de rescate de la balanza de pagos: ¿Pueden funcionar o no?," Research Department Publications 4047, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:idb:wpaper:4047
    as

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    File URL: http://www.iadb.org/research/pub_hits.cfm?pub_id=WP-333&pub_file_name=pubWP-333.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Guillermo A. Calvo, 1995. "Varieties of Capital-Market Crises," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6292, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Dooley, Michael & Fernandez-Arias, Eduardo & Kletzer, Kenneth, 1996. "Is the Debt Crisis History? Recent Private Capital Inflows to Developing Countries," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 27-50, January.
    3. Douglas W. Diamond & Philip H. Dybvig, 2000. "Bank runs, deposit insurance, and liquidity," Quarterly Review, Federal Reserve Bank of Minneapolis, issue Win, pages 14-23.
    4. Guillermo A. Calvo, 1995. "Varieties of Capital-Market Crises," Research Department Publications 4008, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    5. Harold L. Cole & Timothy J. Kehoe, 2000. "Self-Fulfilling Debt Crises," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 67(1), pages 91-116.
    6. Fernandez-Arias, Eduardo & Montiel, Peter J, 1996. "The Surge in Capital Inflows to Developing Countries: An Analytical Overview," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 10(1), pages 51-77, January.
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