Foreign Ownership, Foreign Competition and Innovation in Australian Enterprises
This paper empirically investigates the relationship between innovative effort, measured by R&D intensity, and foreign shareholding and competition. The data set used is a sample of large Australian firms between 1994 and 1997. Previous studies have used aggregate variables to account for these international factors. The theory and analysis are extended to account for the differing attributes of separate geographic regions. The results show foreign shareholding and competition to be important influences in determining the level of innovative activity in Australia. In particular, strong evidence is found of a positive association of revenue earned in Europe and a negative association of Asian shareholdings with domestic innovation levels.
|Date of creation:||Oct 2000|
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- Mark Rogers, 2002. "The Influence of Diversification and Market Structure on the R&D Intensity of Large Australian Firms," Australian Economic Review, The University of Melbourne, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, vol. 35(2), pages 155-172.
- Bertschek, Irene, 1995. "Product and Process Innovation as a Response to Increasing Import and Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 43(4), pages 341-57, December.
- Paul M Romer, 1999.
"Endogenous Technological Change,"
Levine's Working Paper Archive
2135, David K. Levine.
- Grossman, G.M. & Helpman, E., 1993.
"Endogenous, Innovation in the Theory of Growth,"
165, Princeton, Woodrow Wilson School - Public and International Affairs.
- Paul M. Romer, 1994. "The Origins of Endogenous Growth," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 8(1), pages 3-22, Winter.
- Mark Rogers, 2000. "Understanding Innovative Firms: An Empirical Analysis of the GAPS," Melbourne Institute Working Paper Series wp2000n08, Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research, The University of Melbourne.
- Rosenberg, Nathan & Steinmueller, W Edward, 1988. "Why Are Americans Such Poor Imitators?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(2), pages 229-34, May.
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