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Welcome Home to Japan: Repatriation of Foreign Profits by Japanese Multinationals

Author

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  • Tajika, Eiji
  • Nakatani, Ryota

Abstract

The empirical literature suggests that repatriation decisions of U.S. multinational corporations are influenced by taxes. Although the U.S. and Japan adopt the same foreign tax credit system, we have found no evidence that corporate taxes have significantly affected dividend repatriation of Japanese multinationals. Instead, we have found that almost half of Japanese foreign affiliates pay dividends and their average marginal dividend payout rate is about twenty percent. The results also suggest that the repatriation behavior varies across industries and countries. Furthermore, parent companies' financial status is found to influence the profit remittance of their foreign affiliates.

Suggested Citation

  • Tajika, Eiji & Nakatani, Ryota, 2008. "Welcome Home to Japan: Repatriation of Foreign Profits by Japanese Multinationals," Discussion Papers 2008-04, Graduate School of Economics, Hitotsubashi University.
  • Handle: RePEc:hit:econdp:2008-04
    Note: March 31, 2008
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    File URL: http://hermes-ir.lib.hit-u.ac.jp/rs/bitstream/10086/16994/1/070econDP08-04.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rosanne Altshuler & T. Scott Newlon & Joel Slemrod, 1993. "The Effects of U.S. Tax Policy on the Income Repatriation Patterns of U. S . Multinational Corporations," NBER Chapters,in: Studies in International Taxation, pages 77-116 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    2. Fritz Foley, C. & Hartzell, Jay C. & Titman, Sheridan & Twite, Garry, 2007. "Why do firms hold so much cash? A tax-based explanation," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 86(3), pages 579-607, December.
    3. Desai, Mihir A. & Hines, James R. Jr., 2003. "Evaluating International Tax Reform," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 56(3), pages 487-502, September.
    4. Graetz, Michael J. & Oosterhuis, Paul W., 2001. "Structuring an Exemption System for Foreign Income of U.S. Corporations," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 54(n. 4), pages 771-86, December.
    5. Altshuler, Rosanne & Grubert, Harry, 2003. "Repatriation taxes, repatriation strategies and multinational financial policy," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 87(1), pages 73-107, January.
    6. Peter J. Mullins, 2006. "Moving to Territoriality? Implications for the United States and the Rest of the World," IMF Working Papers 06/161, International Monetary Fund.
    7. Eika Yamaguchi, 2004. "Recent Characteristics of Royalties and License Fees in Japan's Balance of Payments," Bank of Japan Working Paper Series 04-E-5, Bank of Japan.
    8. James R. Hines, Jr. & R. Glenn Hubbard, 1990. "Coming Home To America: Dividend Repatriations By U.S. Multinationals," NBER Chapters,in: Taxation in the Global Economy, pages 161-208 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Desai, Mihir A. & Foley, C. Fritz & Hines, James R. Jr., 2001. "Repatriation Taxes and Dividend Distortions," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 54(4), pages 829-851, December.
    10. Altshuler, Rosanne & Grubert, Harry, 2001. "Where Will They Go if We Go Territorial? Dividend Exemption and the Location Decisions of U.S. Multinational Corporations," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 54(4), pages 787-809, December.
    11. Alan Auerbach & Michael P Devereux & Helen Simpson, 2007. "Taxing corporate income," Working Papers 0705, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
    12. Power, Laura & Silverstein, Gerald, 2007. "The Foreign Source Income Repatriation Patterns of US Parents in Worldwide Loss," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 60(3), pages 537-549, September.
    13. Desai, Mihir A. & Hines, James R. Jr., 2004. "Old Rules and New Realities: Corporate Tax Policy in a Global Setting," National Tax Journal, National Tax Association, vol. 57(4), pages 937-960, December.
    14. Mihir A. Desai & C. Fritz Foley & James R. Hines Jr., 2002. "Dividend Policy inside the Firm," NBER Working Papers 8698, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Brandon Julio & David L. Ikenberry, 2004. "Reappearing Dividends," Journal of Applied Corporate Finance, Morgan Stanley, vol. 16(4), pages 89-100.
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    Cited by:

    1. Hasegawa, Makoto & Kiyota, Kozo, 2017. "The effect of moving to a territorial tax system on profit repatriation: Evidence from Japan," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 153(C), pages 92-110.
    2. Nakatani, Ryota, 2018. "Output Costs of Currency Crises: Shocks, Policies and Cycles," MPRA Paper 83549, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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