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Eco-Correlation in Acidification Scenarios




The bulk of acid depositions, which have harmful effects on the environment, are caused by foreign emissions in many European countries. Therefore, if some countries emit more acids, one cannot be sure that countries that emit less will benefit from reduced acid depositions. However, numerical simulations with the RAINS model indicate that differences in costs and acid depositions are negatively correlated when equally expensive cost-effective scenarios for Europe are compared, and scenarios only differ with respect to the constraints on depositions at various locations. The negative correlation is twofold: both the signs of changes for individual countries and the magnitude of changes between countries are negatively correlated. The novelty of this paper is to explain these findings. It is shown how the structure of atmospheric transport coefficients must be accounted for in order to understand the numerical findings. Since the atmospheric transport coefficients are constant, the hypothesis is that the two types of correlation will exist for all targets on acidification in Europe. This insight can help policymakers to agree upon a methodology for calculating targets for acidification, and maybe it also can help them to find a consensus upon more ambitious policies towards acidification.

Suggested Citation

  • Wolfgang, Ove, 2001. "Eco-Correlation in Acidification Scenarios," Memorandum 23/2001, Oslo University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:osloec:2001_023

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. A. Nentjes, 1994. "Financial Instruments for the Control of Transboundary Pollution," Working Papers wp94024, International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
    2. McKitrick, Ross, 1999. "A Derivation of the Marginal Abatement Cost Curve," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 37(3), pages 306-314, May.
    3. Ger Klaassen & Andries Nentjes, 1997. "Creating Markets for Air Pollution Control in Europe and the USA," Environmental & Resource Economics, Springer;European Association of Environmental and Resource Economists, vol. 10(2), pages 125-146, September.
    4. Tjotta, S., 1999. "An Empirical Analysis of the Effect of the Helsinki Agreeement on the reduction of Sulfur Emissions," Norway; Department of Economics, University of Bergen 0999, Department of Economics, University of Bergen.
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    Cited by:

    1. Førsund, Finn R & Wolfgang, Ove, 2001. "The Compensation Mechanism in the RAINS Model: The Norwegian Targets for Acidification," Memorandum 34/2001, Oslo University, Department of Economics.

    More about this item


    Acidification; Abatement costs; Environmental constraints; RAINS model; Transboundary air pollution;

    JEL classification:

    • D62 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - Externalities
    • H77 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Intergovernmental Relations; Federalism
    • Q25 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Water
    • Q28 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Government Policy


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