IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Backhauling in forest transportation - models, methods and practical usage


  • Carlsson, Dick

    (Södra Cell International AB)

  • Rönnqvist, Mikael

    () (Dept. of Finance and Management Science, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration)


Transportation planning in forestry is divided into strategic, tactical and operational depending on the length of the planning horizon. We consider a tactical problem of finding efficient backhauling routes. Given a set of supply and demand points the backhauling problem is to identify a set of efficient routes which is a combination of direct tours between supply and demand points such that the unloaded distance is minimized. Given these routes we formulate a linear programming problem where the solution is the actual flows in the routes. The problem normally has a time horizon ranging from one to five weeks. However, in some cases it can be included in strategic planning for more than one year and as a basis for daily operative route planning. The size of the problem increases rapidly with the number of supplies and demands and we describe a column generation approach for its solution. Models and methods have been used with success in a number of case studies and in decision support systems. We describe the model and solution method and report on case studies and systems where the approach has been used.

Suggested Citation

  • Carlsson, Dick & Rönnqvist, Mikael, 2006. "Backhauling in forest transportation - models, methods and practical usage," Discussion Papers 2006/5, Norwegian School of Economics, Department of Business and Management Science.
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:nhhfms:2006_005

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Fleischmann, Moritz & Bloemhof-Ruwaard, Jacqueline M. & Dekker, Rommert & van der Laan, Erwin & van Nunen, Jo A. E. E. & Van Wassenhove, Luk N., 1997. "Quantitative models for reverse logistics: A review," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 103(1), pages 1-17, November.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Transportation; Modelling; Decision Support System; Linear programming; Optimization; Forestry;

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • Q23 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation - - - Forestry
    • R40 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Transportation Economics - - - General

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hhs:nhhfms:2006_005. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Stein Fossen). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.