For whose sake do couples relocate? Gender, career opportunities and couples’ internal migration in Sweden
The aim with this study is to examine how career possibilities in the man’s and the woman’s occupations – in the country as a whole, as well as in the region where the couple resides – affect heterosexual couples’ regional mobility. The context is Sweden –a country with a strong dual earner norm combined with a very sex segregated labor market. In the analyses we perform logistic regressions on Swedish register data, 1998–2007. We study how four dimensions of career possibilities affect couples’ geographical mobility and are interested in if their effect varies by gender. The dimensions are geographical wage differences, current career, occupational level and wage compression in occupations. In summary, our findings indicate that male and female career opportunities affect the couple in different ways when one moves beyond focusing on the level of their occupations. In particular the effect from wage compression in occupations seems to be dependent on gender, with a clear effect for men and no effect for women. Even when including measures of career opportunities within professions, there exist some non-egalitarian patterns in whose career couples adjust to. It hence seems as if couples adapt somewhat more to the man's career possibilities than the woman’s, even when we adjust for the underlying gender differences in career possi-bilities.
|Date of creation:||07 Feb 2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Forthcoming as Brandén, Maria and Sara Ström, 'Couples' Education and Regional Mobility – the Importance of Occupation, Income and Gender' in Population, Space and Place, 2012.|
|Contact details of provider:|| Postal: IFAU, P O Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden|
Phone: (+46) 18 - 471 70 70
Fax: (+46) 18 - 471 70 71
Web page: http://www.ifau.se/
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- James Albrecht & Anders Bjorklund & Susan Vroman, 2003.
"Is There a Glass Ceiling in Sweden?,"
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University of Chicago Press, vol. 21(1), pages 145-177, January.
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- Paul Boyle & Thomas Cooke & Keith Halfacree & Darren Smith, 2001. "A cross-national comparison of the impact of family migration on women’s employment status," Demography, Springer;Population Association of America (PAA), vol. 38(2), pages 201-213, May.
- Åström, Johanna & Westerlund, Olle, 2009.
"Sex and Migration: Who is the Tied Mover?,"
Umeå Economic Studies
787, Umeå University, Department of Economics.
- Karina Nilsson, 2001. "Migration, Gender and the Household Structure: Changes in Earnings Among Young Adults in Sweden," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(6), pages 499-511.
- Mincer, Jacob, 1978.
"Family Migration Decisions,"
Journal of Political Economy,
University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 749-73, October.
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