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For whose sake do couples relocate? Gender, career opportunities and couples’ internal migration in Sweden

  • Brandén, Maria

    ()

    (Department of Sociology, Stockholm University)

  • Ström, Sara

    ()

    (Department of Sociology, Stockholm University)

Registered author(s):

    The aim with this study is to examine how career possibilities in the man’s and the woman’s occupations – in the country as a whole, as well as in the region where the couple resides – affect heterosexual couples’ regional mobility. The context is Sweden –a country with a strong dual earner norm combined with a very sex segregated labor market. In the analyses we perform logistic regressions on Swedish register data, 1998–2007. We study how four dimensions of career possibilities affect couples’ geographical mobility and are interested in if their effect varies by gender. The dimensions are geographical wage differences, current career, occupational level and wage compression in occupations. In summary, our findings indicate that male and female career opportunities affect the couple in different ways when one moves beyond focusing on the level of their occupations. In particular the effect from wage compression in occupations seems to be dependent on gender, with a clear effect for men and no effect for women. Even when including measures of career opportunities within professions, there exist some non-egalitarian patterns in whose career couples adjust to. It hence seems as if couples adapt somewhat more to the man's career possibilities than the woman’s, even when we adjust for the underlying gender differences in career possi-bilities.

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    File URL: http://www.ifau.se/Upload/pdf/se/2011/wp11-03-For-whose-sake-do-couples-relocate.pdf
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    Paper provided by IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy in its series Working Paper Series with number 2011:3.

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    Length: 35 pages
    Date of creation: 07 Feb 2011
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Forthcoming as Brandén, Maria and Sara Ström, 'Couples' Education and Regional Mobility – the Importance of Occupation, Income and Gender' in Population, Space and Place, 2012.
    Handle: RePEc:hhs:ifauwp:2011_003
    Contact details of provider: Postal: IFAU, P O Box 513, SE-751 20 Uppsala, Sweden
    Phone: (+46) 18 - 471 70 70
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    1. Thomas Niedomysl, 2008. "Residential preferences for interregional migration in Sweden: demographic, socioeconomic, and geographical determinants," Environment and Planning A, Pion Ltd, London, vol. 40(5), pages 1109-1131, May.
    2. Mincer, Jacob, 1978. "Family Migration Decisions," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 86(5), pages 749-73, October.
    3. Karina Nilsson, 2001. "Migration, Gender and the Household Structure: Changes in Earnings Among Young Adults in Sweden," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 35(6), pages 499-511.
    4. Albrecht, James & Björklund, Anders & Vroman, Susan, 2001. "Is There a Glass Ceiling in Sweden?," IZA Discussion Papers 282, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    5. Åström, Johanna & Westerlund, Olle, 2011. "Sex and Migration: Who is the Tied Mover?," HUI Working Papers 33, HUI Research.
    6. Paul Boyle & Thomas Cooke & Keith Halfacree & Darren Smith, 2001. "A cross-national comparison of the impact of family migration on women’s employment status," Demography, Springer, vol. 38(2), pages 201-213, May.
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