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Career trajectories in retail and wholesale - A sequential approach


  • Backman, Mikaela

    (Center of Entrepreneurship and Spatial Economics (CEnSE), Jönköping International Business School, Jönköping, Sweden.)

  • Nilsson, Helena

    (Institute of Retail Economics (Handelns Forskningsinstitut))

  • Öner, Özge

    (Cambridge University, Cambridge, UK)


High labor turnover imposes costs on a firm and hinders the accumulation of human capital. In an increasingly competitive market, retaining competent employees is a necessity. To avoid excessive labor turnover, it is necessary to identify which characteristics influence career pathways for employees. Becoming employed and/or staying employed within a certain firm or sector is normally not binary, but rather should be studied as employment-related events within a career trajectory. The combination of the timing and the order of distinct events that form a unique career pathway for an individual can be studied by using sequential analysis. In this paper, we systematically identify the common career paths of individuals who work in retail or wholesale.

Suggested Citation

  • Backman, Mikaela & Nilsson, Helena & Öner, Özge, 2021. "Career trajectories in retail and wholesale - A sequential approach," HFI Working Papers 17, Institute of Retail Economics (Handelns Forskningsinstitut).
  • Handle: RePEc:hhs:hfiwps:0017

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    career trajectories; retail; wholesale; sequential analysis; employee turnover;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C35 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Multiple or Simultaneous Equation Models; Multiple Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • L81 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Retail and Wholesale Trade; e-Commerce

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