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The Baltic Exchange: Mutual Influences between Economists in the German and Swedish Language Areas

Listed author(s):
  • Sandelin, Bo


    (Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, Göteborg University)

  • Trautwein, Hans-Michael


    (Carl von Ossietzky Universität Oldenburg)

In the 19th and 20th centuries economists of the German and Swedish language areas strongly influenced each other and made significant contributions to the development and critique of neoclassical economics. In our paper, we focus on the prominent contributions of Wicksell, Cassel, Hayek and Myrdal, but consider also others, such as Lutz, Neisser, Palander and Schneider. It might look far fetched to describe their interaction as a “Baltic exchange”, since (for example) Vienna is not part of that region. But history and geographical proximity made German the scientific language for Scandinavian academics in the 19th century, helping Swedish economists to spread their ideas widely on the Continent, before they made an impact in the English language area. Much of the interaction happened indeed close to the Baltic Sea. In the paper we discuss the German influence on Swedish economics that occurred mainly before the First World War, and the Swedish influence on German economics, mainly thereafter. We provide biographical, bibliographical and textual evidence for an exchange of ideas that has stimulated the development of economics far beyond the Baltic Sea.

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Paper provided by University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics in its series Working Papers in Economics with number 288.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: 15 Feb 2008
Publication status: Published in Studien zur Entwicklung der ökonomischen Theorie XXIV. Wechselseitige Einflüsse zwischen dem deutschen wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Denken und dem anderer europäischer Sprachräume., Heinz D, Kurz (eds.), 2010, pages 65-96, Duncker & Humblot.
Handle: RePEc:hhs:gunwpe:0288
Contact details of provider: Postal:
Department of Economics, School of Business, Economics and Law, University of Gothenburg, Box 640, SE 405 30 GÖTEBORG, Sweden

Phone: 031-773 10 00
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  1. Hans-Michael Trautwein, 1996. "Money, Equilibrium, and the Business Cycle: Hayek's Wicksellian Dichotomy," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 28(1), pages 27-55, Spring.
  2. Hans-Michael Trautwein, 2003. "Neisser's Unorthodox Quantity Theory of Money," Chapters,in: Reinventing Functional Finance, chapter 4 Edward Elgar Publishing.
  3. Kurz,Heinz D. & Salvadori,Neri, 1997. "Theory of Production," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521588676, March.
  4. Mauro Boianovsky & Hans-Michael Trautwein, 2003. "Wicksell, Cassel, and the Idea of Involuntary Unemployment," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 35(3), pages 385-436, Fall.
  5. Hagemann, Harald, 2005. "Dismissal, Expulsion, and Emigration of German-Speaking Economists after 1933," Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Cambridge University Press, vol. 27(04), pages 405-420, December.
  6. Boianovsky, Mauro & Trautwein, Hans-Michael, 2001. "Wicksell's lecture notes on economic crises (1902/05)," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 12(3), pages 343-366, September.
  7. Hagemann, Harald, 1990. "Neisser's 'the wage rate and employment in market equilibrium': an introduction," Structural Change and Economic Dynamics, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 133-139, June.
  8. Bo Sandelin & Ann Veiderpass, 1996. "The Dissolution of the Swedish Tradition," History of Political Economy, Duke University Press, vol. 28(5), pages 142-164, Supplemen.
  9. Bo Sandelin & Sinimarria Ranki, 1997. "Internationalization or Americanization of Swedish economics?," The European Journal of the History of Economic Thought, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 4(2), pages 284-298.
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