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Is the concept of sustainable tourism sustainable? Developing the Sustainable Tourism Benchmarking Tool

Author

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  • Lucian Cernat

    (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Julien Gourdon

    (CERDI - Centre d'Études et de Recherches sur le Développement International - UdA - Université d'Auvergne - Clermont-Ferrand I - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

Given the complexity of the issues surrounding the concept of sustainable tourism, the current paper tries to provide a unified methodology to assess tourism sustainability, based on a number of quantitative indicators. The proposed methodological framework (Sustainable Tourism Benchmarking Tool – STBT) will provide a number of benchmarks against which the sustainability of tourism activities in various countries can be assessed. A model development procedure is proposed: identification of the dimensions (economic, socio-ecologic, infrastructure) and indicators, method of scaling, chart representation and evaluation on three Asian countries. This application to three countries show us that a similar level of tourism activity might induce different sort of improvements to implement in the tourism activity and might have different consequences for the socio-ecological environment. The heterogeneity of developing countries exposed in the STBT is useful to detect the main problem of each country in their tourism activity.

Suggested Citation

  • Lucian Cernat & Julien Gourdon, 2011. "Is the concept of sustainable tourism sustainable? Developing the Sustainable Tourism Benchmarking Tool," Working Papers halshs-00557121, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:halshs-00557121
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00557121
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Rosensweig, Jeffrey A., 1988. "Elasticities of substitution in Caribbean tourism," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 29(1), pages 89-100, July.
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    Cited by:

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    2. Dalia Perkumienė & Milita Vienažindienė & Biruta Švagždienė, 2019. "Cooperation Perspectives in Sustainable Medical Tourism: The Case of Lithuania," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 11(13), pages 1-15, June.
    3. Cristiana PĂVĂLUC (MELINTE) & Alexandru ANICHITI & Valentin NIŢĂ & Gina Ionela BUTNARU, 2020. "Analysing the relationship between tourism development and sustainability by looking at the impact on the environment. A study on the European Union countries," CES Working Papers, Centre for European Studies, Alexandru Ioan Cuza University, vol. 12(1), pages 1-19, May.
    4. Fernando J. Garrigós-Simón & José Luis Galdón-Salvador & Ignacio Gil-Pechuán, 2015. "The Economic Sustainability of Tourism Growth through Leakage Calculation," Tourism Economics, , vol. 21(4), pages 721-739, August.

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