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L’internationalisation des marchés en productions animales


  • Vincent Chatellier

    (SMART-LERECO - Structures et Marché Agricoles, Ressources et Territoires - INRA - Institut National de la Recherche Agronomique - AGROCAMPUS OUEST)


Animal production accounts for 16% of international agri-food trade. The growing imbalance between supply and demand for animal products in Asian countries, where consumption is growing, particularly in China, stimulates trade for the benefit of the major exporting countries: the European Union (EU), the United States, New Zealand, Brazil and Australia. While this development offers trade opportunities for countries with a structural surplus, purchases fluctuate from year to year and price competition is very strong, despite the qualitative requirements of some countries. The EU, which has a positive trade balance in dairy products and pork, but a negative one (in monetary terms) in beef and poultry meat, is the world's largest exporter of animal products (with 22% of the extra-EU trade in 2016). This article analyses the evolution of trade in animal products using customs statistics data (BACI and COMEXT) from 2000 to 2016. It presents the evolution of international trade for different types of goods (dairy products, beef, pork, poultry meat) and highlights the trade trajectories (patterns) of the main net importing countries (China, Japan and Russia) and net exporting countries (India, Australia, New Zealand, Brazil, the United States and the EU).

Suggested Citation

  • Vincent Chatellier, 2019. "L’internationalisation des marchés en productions animales," Working Papers hal-02182574, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-02182574
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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Vincent Chatellier & Thierry Pouch & Cécile Le Roy & Quentin Mathieu, 2018. "Les relations commerciales agroalimentaires de la Russie avec l’Union européenne, l’embargo russe et les productions animales," Working Papers SMART 18-06, INRAE UMR SMART.
    2. Christophe Perrot & Vincent Chatellier & Daniel-Mercier Gouin & Mélanie Richard & Gérard You, 2016. "Le secteur laitier français est-il compétitif face à la concurrence européenne et mondiale ?," Working Papers SMART 16-09, INRAE UMR SMART.
    3. Jean-Christophe Bureau & Sophie Thoyer, 2014. "La politique agricole commune," Post-Print hal-01173055, HAL.
    4. Jean-Charles Bricongne & Jean-Marc Fournier & Vincent Lapègue & Olivier Monso, 2010. "De la crise financière à la crise économique. L’impact des perturbations financières de 2007 et 2008 sur la croissance de sept pays industrialisés," Économie et Statistique, Programme National Persée, vol. 438(1), pages 47-77.
    5. Sébastien Jean, 2015. "Le ralentissement du commerce mondial annonce un changement de tendance," La Lettre du CEPII, CEPII research center, issue 356.
    6. Lionel Fontagne & Mondher Mimouni, 2001. "L'environnement, nouvel obstacle au commerce de produits agricoles et alimentaires," Economie Internationale, CEPII research center, issue 87, pages 63-87.
    7. Thierry Pouch & Naceur Kheraief, 2016. "FAITS ET CHIFFRES Le commerce extérieur agroalimentaire de l'Inde," Post-Print hal-02020884, HAL.
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    More about this item


    animal product; international trade patterns; trade balance; livestock farms; international trade; net trade; production animale; commerce international; balance commerciale;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy

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