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Effect on potential growth of non-sustainable public debt dynamics: an application to France

  • Frédéric Gonand

    (CECO - Laboratoire d'econometrie de l'école polytechnique - CNRS : UMR7657 - Polytechnique - X)

Cet article évalue l'impact sur la croissance potentielle à l'horizon 2020 de différentes trajectoires de dette publique française, sous l'hypothèse d'une accélération des dépenses de retraite entièrement financée par endettement. Un modèle analytique avec fonction de production et impôts proportionnels est calibré sur données de comptabilité nationale. Il suggère que l'accumulation de dette publique se traduit par un effet d'éviction significatif sur le capital productif. Des simulations suggèrent qu'à politique inchangée le ratio (dette publique/PIB) corrigé de cet effet d'éviction se redresserait significativement pour atteindre 97% en 2020. Il ne se stabiliserait aux alentours de 60% qu'en cas de surplus primaires importants (hors dépenses de retraite nouvelles), de l'ordre de 1.25% PIB en moyenne. Néanmoins l'impact défavorable sur la croissance potentielle resterait contenu, de l'ordre de -0.1% par an en moyenne.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Working Papers with number hal-00242973.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-00242973
Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: http://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00242973/en/
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  1. Joaquim Oliveira Martins & Frédéric Gonand & Pablo Antolín & Christine de la Maisonneuve & Kwang-Yeol Yoo, 2005. "The Impact of Ageing on Demand, Factor Markets and Growth," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 420, OECD Publishing.
  2. Thomas Laubach, 2009. "New Evidence on the Interest Rate Effects of Budget Deficits and Debt," Journal of the European Economic Association, MIT Press, vol. 7(4), pages 858-885, 06.
  3. Douglas W. Elmendorf & N. Gregory Mankiw, 1998. "Government Debt," NBER Working Papers 6470, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    • Elmendorf, Douglas W. & Gregory Mankiw, N., 1999. "Government debt," Handbook of Macroeconomics, in: J. B. Taylor & M. Woodford (ed.), Handbook of Macroeconomics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 25, pages 1615-1669 Elsevier.
  4. N. Gregory Mankiw, 2000. "The Savers-Spenders Theory of Fiscal Policy," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 90(2), pages 120-125, May.
  5. Robert B. Barsky & N. Gregory Mankiw & Stephen P. Zeldes, 1987. "Ricardian Consumers With Keynesian Propensities," NBER Working Papers 1400, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  6. Blanchard, Olivier J, 1985. "Debt, Deficits, and Finite Horizons," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 93(2), pages 223-47, April.
  7. Evans, Paul, 1991. "Is Ricardian Equivalence a Good Approximation?," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 29(4), pages 626-44, October.
  8. Thai-Thanh Dang & Pablo Antolín & Howard Oxley, 2001. "Fiscal Implications of Ageing: Projections of Age-Related Spending," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 305, OECD Publishing.
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