IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/hal/journl/halshs-01626164.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The role of Expertise in Design Fixation: Managerial Implications for Creative Leadership

Author

Listed:
  • Anaëlle Camarda

    (LaPsyDÉ - UMR 8240 - Laboratoire de psychologie du développement et de l'éducation de l'enfant - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UPD5 - Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Hicham Ezzat

    (MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres)

  • Mathieu Cassotti

    (LaPsyDÉ - UMR 8240 - Laboratoire de psychologie du développement et de l'éducation de l'enfant - UNICAEN - Université de Caen Normandie - NU - Normandie Université - UPD5 - Université Paris Descartes - Paris 5 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Marine Agogué

    (HEC Montréal - HEC Montréal)

  • Benoit Weil

    (CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

  • Pascal Le Masson

    (CGS i3 - Centre de Gestion Scientifique i3 - MINES ParisTech - École nationale supérieure des mines de Paris - PSL - Université Paris sciences et lettres - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

There are today large expectations towards creative thinking and innovation in both educational and industrial contexts. Creativity defined as the ability to think of something truly new (i.e., original, unexpected), and appropriate (i.e., useful, adaptive concerning task constraints) is considered as a crucial skill required in numerous organizations and is largely viewed as fundamental process for any innovation. Nevertheless, generating, evaluating and developing new ideas might not be as easy as it seems, and individuals often failed to propose creative solutions to a specific problem, focusing on a narrow scope of existing solutions. Decades of cognitive psychology studies has demonstrated that previously acquired and existing knowledge or ideas can limit creative ideation, leading a phenomena named " mental fixation " or " fixation effect ". Experimental studies with students converged in showing that the fixation effect is reinforced when adults are exposed to uncreative examples of solutions before being asked to generate new ideas. Although, considerable efforts have been devoted at identifying the negative influence of examples on creative ideas generation in experiments made on thousands of engineers' students, as well as novices from different disciplines, surprisingly there are to date few study that have examined whether examples may constrain (or facilitate) creative ideation in expert engineers or designers. Therefore, the present study aimed to clarify the potential role of expertise in creative idea generation. In this study, 64 expert engineers from a prestigious French Aerospatiale multinational were asked to design solutions to ensure that a hen's egg dropped from a height of ten meters does not break (the egg task). The participants were randomly assigned to one of two experimental conditions (a control condition without an example or a test condition with an uncreative example) and were given ten minutes to solve the egg task. The problems were identical across conditions, except that the group with an example read the following: " One solution classically given is to slow the fall with a parachute ". Our results show that expert engineers were able to overcome design fixation, and interestingly they provided more solutions within the expansion path and fewer solution within the fixation path when they were given an uncreative example. As such, our results expand the understandings of the critical characteristics of expertise for overcoming cognitive biases to creativity, and give new sights to managerial implications for the role of creative leaders in this concern, more specifically when managing innovative processes with team members having varying levels of expertise.

Suggested Citation

  • Anaëlle Camarda & Hicham Ezzat & Mathieu Cassotti & Marine Agogué & Benoit Weil & Pascal Le Masson, 2017. "The role of Expertise in Design Fixation: Managerial Implications for Creative Leadership," Post-Print halshs-01626164, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01626164
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01626164
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-01626164/document
    Download Restriction: no
    ---><---

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Marine Agogué & Pascal Le Masson & Cédric Dalmasso & Olivier Houdé & Mathieu Cassotti, 2015. "Resisting classical solutions: The creative mind of industrial designers and engineers," Post-Print hal-01199938, HAL.
    2. Marine Agogué & Nicolas Poirel & Olivier Houde & Arlette Pineau & Mathieu Cassotti, 2014. "The impact of age and training on creativity: a design-theory approach to study fixation effects," Post-Print hal-00825289, HAL.
    3. Douglas K. R. Robinson & Marine Agogué & Pascal Le Masson, 2012. "Orphan innovation, or when path-creation goes stale: a design framework to characterise path-dependence in real time," Post-Print hal-00794429, HAL.
    4. Marine Agogué & Pascal Le Masson & Douglas K. Robinson, 2012. "Orphan innovation, or when path-creation goes stale: a design framework to characterize path-dependence in real time," Post-Print hal-00707372, HAL.
    5. repec:hal:wpaper:hal-00707372 is not listed on IDEAS
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.
    as


    Cited by:

    1. Hicham Ezzat & Pascal Le Masson & Benoit Weil, 2017. "Extending lab results to advices for leadership facilitating creativity in organizations," Post-Print hal-01674313, HAL.

    Most related items

    These are the items that most often cite the same works as this one and are cited by the same works as this one.
    1. Marine Agogué & Pascal Le Masson, 2015. "Rethinking ideation: a cognitive approach of innovation lock-ins," Post-Print hal-01132377, HAL.
    2. Potstada, Michael & Parandian, Alireza & Robinson, Douglas K.R. & Zybura, Jan, 2016. "An alignment approach for an industry in the making: DIGINOVA and the case of digital fabrication," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 102(C), pages 182-192.
    3. Maxime Thomas & Pascal Le Masson & Benoit Weil, 2017. "Why is Business Model Innovation so poorly innovative ? Uncovering the critical role of collaborative design in Business Model Innovation," Post-Print hal-01499143, HAL.
    4. Thomas Gillier & Sophie Hooge & Gérald Piat, 2013. "Framing the scope of value in exploratory projects: An expansive value management model," Post-Print hal-00824354, HAL.
    5. Mario Le Glatin & Pascal Le Masson & Benoit Weil, 2016. "Measuring the generative power of an organisational routine with design theories: the case of design thinking in a large firm," Post-Print hal-01367471, HAL.
    6. Robinson, Douglas K.R. & Lagnau, Axel & Boon, Wouter P.C., 2019. "Innovation pathways in additive manufacturing: Methods for tracing emerging and branching paths from rapid prototyping to alternative applications," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 146(C), pages 733-750.
    7. repec:hal:gemwpa:hal-00824354 is not listed on IDEAS
    8. Armand Hatchuel & Pascal Le Masson & Benoit Weil, 2017. "C-K theory: modelling creative thinking and its impact on research," Post-Print hal-01701853, HAL.
    9. Renard, Damien & Davis, Joseph G., 2019. "Social interdependence on crowdsourcing platforms," Journal of Business Research, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 186-194.
    10. Hicham Ezzat & Pascal Le Masson & Benoit Weil, 2017. "Leading in the Unknown with Imperfect Knowledge: Situational Creative Leadership Strategies for Ideation Management," Post-Print halshs-01501808, HAL.
    11. Armand Hatchuel & Pascal Masson & Benoit Weil, 2017. "C-K Theory : Modelling Creative Thinking And Its Impact On Research," Post-Print hal-01619990, HAL.
    12. Zhenzhen Zhao & Damien Renard & Mehdi Elmoukhliss & Christine Balague, 2016. "What Affects Creative Performance In Idea Co-Creation: Competitive, Cooperative Or Coopetitive Climate?," International Journal of Innovation Management (ijim), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 20(04), pages 1-24, May.
    13. Thomas Gillier & Sophie Hooge & Gérald Piat, 2013. "Framing the scope of value in exploratory projects: An expansive value management model," Grenoble Ecole de Management (Post-Print) hal-00824354, HAL.
    14. Hicham Ezzat & Anaëlle Camarda & Mathieu Cassotti & Marine Agogué & Olivier Houdé & Benoît Weil & Pascal Le Masson, 2017. "How minimal executive feedback influences creative idea generation," PLOS ONE, Public Library of Science, vol. 12(6), pages 1-10, June.
    15. Marine Agogué & Pascal Le Masson & Cédric Dalmasso & Olivier Houdé & Mathieu Cassotti, 2015. "Resisting classical solutions: The creative mind of industrial designers and engineers," Post-Print hal-01199938, HAL.
    16. Pascal Le Masson & Chris Mcmahon, 2016. "Armand Hatchuel et Benoit Weil La théorie C-K, un fondement formel aux théories de l'innovation," Post-Print hal-01243331, HAL.
    17. Zeiler, Wim, 2018. "Morphology in conceptual building design," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 126(C), pages 102-115.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    creativity; ideation; design fixation; expertise; leadership;
    All these keywords.

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-01626164. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a bibliographic reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: CCSD (email available below). General contact details of provider: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/ .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.