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Capital social, théorie des réseaux sociaux et recherche en PME : une revue de la littérature

Author

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  • Bernard Dussuc

    () (Centre de Recherche Magellan - Université Jean Moulin - Lyon III - Institut d'Administration des Entreprises (IAE) - Lyon)

  • Sébastien Geindre

    (CERAG - Centre d'études et de recherches appliquées à la gestion - UPMF - Université Pierre Mendès France - Grenoble 2 - CNRS - Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique)

Abstract

La communication présentée porte sur une revue de la littérature sur le thème du capital social à partir de 75 articles publiés lors de la décennie écoulée (2002-2011) dans les principales revues dédiées à la recherche en PME et en entrepreneuriat. Le capital social est souvent considéré comme une ressource clé pour la PME, source de performance et d'efficacité dans la démarche entrepreneuriale. Nous montrons que les problématiques envisageables à partir du concept de capital social sont particulièrement nombreuses et diverses mais que toutefois elles reposent sur des constructions théoriques et des démarches méthodologiques très hétérogènes. Le capital social est le plus souvent utilisé comme une variable explicative de la performance de la PME ou de la démarche entrepreneuriale. Ce champ de recherche s'il peut toujours être complété parait cependant moins nécessaire aujourd'hui. Par contre, les recherches émergentes sur le capital social où celui-ci est appréhendé non plus comme une cause mais comme le résultat d'un processus managérial du dirigeant de PME ou de l'entrepreneur, s'avèrent, selon nous, plus pertinentes et porteuses de perspectives pour notre champ. Les travaux sur les effets négatifs et sclérosants du capital social sont également des pistes à creuser en matière de recherche sur les PME.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernard Dussuc & Sébastien Geindre, 2012. "Capital social, théorie des réseaux sociaux et recherche en PME : une revue de la littérature," Post-Print halshs-00747912, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:journl:halshs-00747912
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://halshs.archives-ouvertes.fr/halshs-00747912
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Niels Bosma & Mirjam van Praag & Roy Thurik & Gerrit de Wit, 2004. "The Value of Human and Social Capital Investments for the Business Performance of Startups," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 23(3), pages 227-236, October.
    2. Bauernschuster, Stefan & Falck, Oliver & Heblich, Stephan, 2010. "Social capital access and entrepreneurship," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 76(3), pages 821-833, December.
    3. Bollingtoft, Anne & Ulhoi, John P., 2005. "The networked business incubator--leveraging entrepreneurial agency?," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 20(2), pages 265-290, March.
    4. Westlund, Hans & Bolton, Roger, 2003. "Local Social Capital and Entrepreneurship," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 77-113, September.
    5. Ingrid Verheul & Martin Carree & Roy Thurik, 2009. "Allocation and productivity of time in new ventures of female and male entrepreneurs," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 33(3), pages 273-291, October.
    6. Savvas Papagiannidis & Feng Li & Henry Etzkowitz & Michael Clouser, 2009. "Entrepreneurial networks: A Triple Helix approach for brokering human and social capital," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 7(3), pages 215-235, September.
    7. Davidsson, Per & Honig, Benson, 2003. "The role of social and human capital among nascent entrepreneurs," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(3), pages 301-331, May.
    8. Benson Honig & Miri Lerner & Yoel Raban, 2006. "Social Capital and the Linkages of High-Tech Companies to the Military Defense System: Is there a Signaling Mechanism?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 27(4), pages 419-437, December.
    9. Hoang, Ha & Antoncic, Bostjan, 2003. "Network-based research in entrepreneurship: A critical review," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 165-187, March.
    10. Lorraine Uhlaner & Roberto Floren & Jurgen Geerlings, 2007. "Owner Commitment and Relational Governance in the Privately-Held Firm: An Empirical Study," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 29(3), pages 275-293, October.
    11. Baron, Robert A. & Markman, Gideon D., 2003. "Beyond social capital: the role of entrepreneurs' social competence in their financial success," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 18(1), pages 41-60, January.
    12. Zhao, Liming & Aram, John D., 1995. "Networking and growth of young technology-intensive ventures in China," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 10(5), pages 349-370, September.
    13. Bhagavatula, Suresh & Elfring, Tom & van Tilburg, Aad & van de Bunt, Gerhard G., 2010. "How social and human capital influence opportunity recognition and resource mobilization in India's handloom industry," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 245-260, May.
    14. Kwon, Seok-Woo & Arenius, Pia, 2010. "Nations of entrepreneurs: A social capital perspective," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 25(3), pages 315-330, May.
    15. P. Mueller, 2006. "Entrepreneurship in the Region: Breeding Ground for Nascent Entrepreneurs?," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 27(1), pages 41-58, August.
    16. Mohammad Salaran & Alex Maritz, 2009. "Entrepreneurial environment and research performance in knowledge-based institutions," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 7(4), pages 261-280, December.
    17. Pia Arenius, 2005. "The Psychic Distance Postulate Revised: From Market Selection to Speed of Market Penetration," Journal of International Entrepreneurship, Springer, vol. 3(2), pages 115-131, June.
    18. Birley, Sue, 1985. "The role of networks in the entrepreneurial process," Journal of Business Venturing, Elsevier, vol. 1(1), pages 107-117.
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    Keywords

    capital social; PME; réseaux; entreprenariat; revue de littérature;

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